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Durepae is an organization that was formed in traditional society to carry out communal farm work or communal nori (literally “play, ” refers various entertainments and performances) related to farm labor. In regions with large areas of flat land for farming, communal farm labor groups called durae were active. They were generally formed in rural communities after the transplantation of rice seedlings to carry out communal tasks such as weeding the rice paddies. Participation was obligatory for

Korean Folk Arts

Jindo Sopo Geolgun Nongak

Nongak (farmers’ music) handed down in Sopo-ri, Jisan-myeon, Jindo, Jeollanam-do Province. The origins of Jindo Sopo Geolgun Nongak can be found in the righteous army soldiers (uibyeong) who disguised themselves as nongak troupes performing to raise money or collect rice during the Japanese invasions (1592-98) as a way to scout enemy positions and implement their battle strategies. In this regard, an historical document describing nongak as a military strategy remains. It is an untitled document

Korean Folk Arts

Gochang Nongak

Nongak (farmers’ music) that has been handed down mostly in the Gochang region of Jeollabuk-do Province. Gochang Nongak has its roots in Yeongmujang Nongak, widely performed in the Gochang and Yeonggwang regions. There used to be a group of hereditary shamans geolgungpae (group that begs grains) operating in Yeonggwang and Mujang regions in the past. At usual times, the group was responsible for communal shamanic affairs, and in the case of a village rite (gut) or geolgung (rite to collect rice

Korean Folk Arts


Nongak (farmers’ music) played while the communal farm labor groups called dure actually worked in the rice paddies in summer. It is estimated that durepungjang was developed some time after the transplanting method of rice cultivation became widespread during the latter half of the Joseon Dynasty. When the transplanting method was spread throughout the country in the 17th and 18th centuries, dure also spread and the music that was played when they worked was seemingly established in the process

Korean Folk Arts


Nongak (farmers’ music) played before a dang, a village shrine for the communal gods of a village, to pray for the welfare of the village and a good harvest. The origin of dangsangut, a rite for a dangsan, the object of worship of a village that is often a tree, rock or mountain, can be traced back to rites (Kor. 예, Chin. 濊) to heaven held in ancient polities of the Korean Peninsula, including yeonggo of Buyeo, dongmaeng of Goguryeo, mucheon of Ye and siwolje of Samhan. It is recorded that the a

Korean Folk Arts
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