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Year-end Food Gifts

Seui (Kor. 세의, Chin. 歲儀, lit. year gifts) is the name for gifts to one’s relatives and friends that are given on Lunar New Year’s Eve. Such gifts are also known as gwese (Kor. 궤세, Chin. 饋歲), segwe (Kor. 세궤, Chin. 歲饋), or sechan (Kor. 세찬, Chin. 歲饌), with sechan referring both to the gifts given on Lunar New Year’s Eve and to the meals served to visitors who pay a visit bringing New Year’s greetings. Leading up to Lunar New Year’s Eve, families have to procure ingredients for the dishes to be pres

Korean Seasonal Customs

New Year’s Pruning

Secho (Kor. 세초, Chin. 歲抄, lit. [New] Year’s pruning) refers to the shuffling of government and army personnel during the Joseon dynasty (1392-1910) that took place every year in the sixth and twelfth lunar months. The practice was first established as a form of audit to discipline government officials guilty of misconduct. It prescribed the Ijo (Kor. 이조, Chin. 吏曹, Ministry of Personnel) and the Byeongjo (Kor. 병조, Chin. 兵曹, Ministry of Military Affairs) to present the king with a list of official

Korean Seasonal Customs

A Record of the Seasonal Customs of the Eastern Kingdom

Dongguksesigi (A Record of the Seasonal Customs of the Eastern Kingdom) is an almanac of the monthly seasonal customs written by Hong Seok-mo, a scholar in Joseon during the reigns of King Jeongjo (1725-1800) and King Sunjo (1800-1834). The book records the monthly seasonal rites practiced around the country from the first lunar month to the twelfth, including a leap month, as observed in the royal court; by aristocrats and literati; and by the commoners of farming, fishing and mountain communit

Korean Folk Beliefs
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