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KangSungbok

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KangSungbok

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Gongju Seonhangni Jige Nori

A custom using a jige (an A-framed carrier) in Seonhak-ri of Sinpung-myeon, Gongju, Chungcheongnam-do Province. Gongju Seonhangni Jige Nori was generally passed down among young adults and the middle-aged in charge of farming. Seonhak-ri is a village created by people who had fled their hometown upon the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592. It is known that Gongju Seonhangni Jige Nori started based on the fact that the jige played an important role as a means of transportation used in farming and

Korean Folk Arts

Burning the Moon House

Daljip taeugi (Kor. 달집태우기, lit. burning the Moon House) was a festive folk custom celebrating the Great Full Moon Festival, which fell on the fifteenth of the first lunar month. During this festival, participants built daljip (Kor. 달집, lit. moon house), a large bonfire structure, with fresh branches of a pine tree and other logs, and set it on fire with the rise of the full moon, praying for fortune and prevention from evil. The custom is referred to by different names according to the region, w

Korean Seasonal Customs

Ritual for Village Guardian Deity

Seonangje is a ritual collectively organized by villagers to worship Seonang, the village guardian deity, to pray for security, good fortune and good harvest for the coming year and to keep away bad fortunes. Seonangdang is the shrine for village guardian deity and takes the form of a stone stack altar; stone stacks and a tree; stone stacks with jangseung (village guardian post), sotdae (sacred pole); a shrine house (dangjip); or a house and a tree. Rituals that take place at these shrines can b

Korean Folk Beliefs

Sedo Durepungjang

The pungmul (percussion music and dance, another name for nongak) performed when communal farm labor groups called dure weed the rice paddies, handed down in Sedo-myeon, Chungcheongnam-do Province. The origins of Sedo Durepungjang are not exactly known but it is presumed to have developed with the spread of the transplantation method of rice cultivation in Korea and the consequent formation of dure in the latter part of the Joseon Dynasty. This is supported by the fact that the village of Dongsa

Korean Folk Arts

Village Cooperative Records

Donggyemunseo are records kept by the village cooperative donggye regarding the preparation and management of communal rituals. Donggye is a cooperative formed to prepare for the annual village tutelary festivals (dongje), and alternate terms include daedonggye (grand village cooperative) and sanhyanggye (mountain village cooperative). The cooperative must maintain all records related to the rituals: details about the sacrifices offered including costs; list of ritual officials; and list of dono

Korean Folk Beliefs

Sedo Durepungjang

A Korean folk music custom celebrated during the labors of weeding in Dongsa-ri of Sedo-myeon, Buyeo-gun, Chungcheongnam-do Province. Sedo Durepungjang is a variation of pungmulgut (farmer’s music) with a long history, dating back to the late Joseon Period, since the foundation of the dure (farmer’s cooperative group) system. The custom of joint farming though dure in the Sedo region almost faded away around the time of liberation from the Japanese Occupation in 1945. In Dongsa-ri, however, the

Korean Folk Arts

Pansu Nori

A game trying to catch other players or guess the name of other children. Pansu Nori is a folk game that has been passed down to ordinary people since the Joseon Period. The game is known by various names in different provinces, such as Bongsa Nori, Bongsa Japgi, Jangnim Nori, Kkamak Japgi, or Sogyeong Nori. Pansu was a name used for blind fortune tellers, while the game itself has many different names, not only just about being blind, but also about acting haphazardly, as a pansu does. Since th

Korean Folk Arts

Steamer for Greeting Mountain God

Majungsiru, literally meaning “steamer for greeting, ” is an earthenware steamer used to greet the village guardian Sansin (Mountain God) into individual homes. Another version of the term is matsiru. At the end of the village rite sansinje (mountain god ritual), after the prayer text is recited and burned, the ritual officials announce the closing by shouting toward the village, “Offer the greeting steamer (majungsiru)!” and in each home, where villagers have been waiting for this signal, a ste

Korean Folk Beliefs

Village Cooperative Records

Donggyemunseo are records kept by the village cooperative donggye regarding the preparation and management of communal rituals. Donggye is a cooperative formed to prepare for the annual village tutelary festivals (dongje), and alternate terms include daedonggye (grand village cooperative) and sanhyanggye (mountain village cooperative). The cooperative must maintain all records related to the rituals: details about the sacrifices offered including costs; list of ritual officials; and list of dono

Korean Folk Beliefs

Village Cooperative Records

Donggyemunseo are records kept by the village cooperative donggye regarding the preparation and management of communal rituals. Donggye is a cooperative formed to prepare for the annual village tutelary festivals (dongje), and alternate terms include daedonggye (grand village cooperative) and sanhyanggye (mountain village cooperative). The cooperative must maintain all records related to the rituals: details about the sacrifices offered including costs; list of ritual officials; and list of dono

Korean Folk Beliefs
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