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Gangneung Dano Festival

Gangneung Danoje is a communal festival that takes place on Dano (fifth day of the fifth lunar month) in Gangneung, Gangwon Province. Gangneung Danoje is held for the worship of Guksaseonghwang (State Preceptor God) and other deities related to Daegwallyeong Pass, including Guksayeoseonghwang (State Preceptor Goddess) and Sansin (Mountain God). Festivities include a Confucian memorial service, shamanic ritual, mask drama performance, and other folklore and markets, aimed at enhancing the communa

Korean Folk Beliefs

Shrine for Village Deity Seonghwang

Seonghwangsa is the shrine for worshipping the village deity Seonghwang, serving as the venue for village rites and shamanic rituals. Seonghwangsa was a state shrine that was built on major mountains around the country, starting in late Goryeo (918-1392). In Joseon (1392-1910), provincial officials continued to officiate rituals at these shrines, but eventually villagers took over the rituals. One of the few seonghwangsa from history that still remain include one at Daegwallyeong, a mountain pas

Korean Folk Beliefs

Village Ritual of Eastern Coastal Region

Donghaean Byeolsingut (Kor. 동해안별신굿, Chin. 東海岸別神) is a large-scale village ritual held in coastal communities of eastern Korea. Byeolsingut (Kor. 별신굿, Chin. 別神-, village ritual) in this area are referred to as belsin (Kor. 벨신), belsun (Kor. 벨순), byeolson (Kor. 별손), baesaengi (Kor. 배생이) or baetseon (Kor. 뱃선). A hereditary shaman (from a multi-generational family of shamans) presides over this ritual which constitutes a form of prayer for an easier livelihood. In farming communities, this ritual sy

Korean Seasonal Customs

White Dew

Baengno (Kor. 백로, Chin. 白露, lit. White Dew) is one of the twenty-four solar terms. It occurs between Cheoseo (Kor. 처서, Chin. 處暑, lit. End of Heat) and Chubun (Kor. 추분, Chin. 秋分, lit. Autumn Equinox), and falls approximately on September ninth on the Gregorian calendar. In the lunar calendar, Baengno generally falls in the eighth month, when the Ecliptic rises to 165° over the horizon. The name “White Dew” derives from the fact that temperature at this time of year falls below the dew point, with

Korean Seasonal Customs

Autumn Equinox

Chubun (Kor. 추분, Chin. 秋分, lit. Autumn Equinox) is one of the twenty-four solar terms, occurring between Baengno (Kor. 백로, Chin. 白露, lit. White Dew) and Hallo (Kor. 한로, Chin. 寒露, lit. Cold Dew). Falling approximately on September twenty-third on the Gregorian calendar, Chubun usually occurs sometime during the eighth lunar month. At the equinox, day and night are equal in length, and in astronomy, the autumn equinox refers to the day when the sun passes through the ecliptic at 180°. After Chubun

Korean Seasonal Customs
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