Daeposu(大炮手)

Headword

대포수 ( 大炮手 )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Arts > Nongak

Writer ParkHyeyoung(朴惠英)

The head of the party of actors (japsaek) in a nongak (farmers’ music) troupe in the Honam region, the daeposu enjoys the same status as the sangsoe (lead small gong player).

The daeposu (Kor. 대포수, Chin. 大砲手, lit. great gun carrier) is the lead actor and the person who controls the percussionists at the commands of the sangsoe, both leading the musicians and managing the crowd with the dignity of a general. As the head of the japsaek, he sometimes wears a mask, depending on region, and points a gun to repel misfortune. In Gurye Jansu Nongak, the daeposu wards off the bad luck collected by the jorijung (a monk who begs from the crowd carrying around a straw basket).

The daeposu wears a hunting cap, military cap, or uniquely shaped helmet, which are usually made of animal fur or leather. The title of “General” is marked on the hat, which is decorated with a pheasant plume or the taegeuk mark. Sometimes, the daeposu wears a hat with a paper streamer 12 feet long (yeoldubalsangmo) or a hunting cap.

The daeposu of Yeonggwang Nongak wears a helmet made of roe deer hide and adorned with the taegeuk mark and red paper. He carries a mesh bag on his back and a wooden gun in his hands. He is dressed in a red deogeure (short military coat) with multi-colored sleeves and a colored sash around his waist with bands of thee colors hanging down his back and red rope tied around one of his legs. He also wears a mask, which has a reddish complexion, white eyebrows and beard, and round gold foil pieces on the forehead, cheeks, and nasal bridge.

The daeposu of Hwasun Hancheon Nongak in Jeollanam-do Province dons a long vest with sleeves of multi-colored stripes and colored bands over the shoulders, and from his waist hangs a mesh bag to hold pheasants. He carries a wooden gun and wears a hat decorated with a tiger design. The daeposu of Sopo Geolgun Nongak wears a hat which bears the title Tongjeongdaebu (Kor. 통정대부, Chin. 通政大夫), an upper third rank government position. He also wears a mask and carries a mesh bag on his back and a tobacco pipe in his hand.

The daeposu of Jeongeup Nongak or Namwon Nongak in Jeollabukdo Province wears a brimless cap similar to a 12-feet streamer hat and carries a knapsack on his back. In Namwon Nongak, he holds a whip in his hand and has a red rope tied around one of his legs. He wears a brimless black hat with chicken or pheasant feathers attached and twirls the head. In Jinju Nongak of Gyeongsangnam-do Province, the daeposu wears a tiger mask, carries a mesh bag on his back, and dances holding a wooden gun in his hand. While dancing, he pretends to fire a gun and acts the fool from start to finish.

The daeposu has the appearance of a hunter, does not shirk at tough and unpleasant tasks, and leads the nongak troupe at the command of the sangsoe. In the Honam Nongak, the daeposu steals the gong played by the sangsoe, gambles, exchanges jokes with the percussionists, and clowns around as he leads the performance of the actors (japsaeknori). The daeposu wards off bad luck, prays for good fortune, and gives words of blessing during the treading of earth rite (madangbalbi), and presides over entertainment-oriented nongak (pangut) following the signals of the sangsoe. However, when acts such as ilgwangnori (battle between the gong players and the daeposu) or dodukjaebigut (catching the thief) take place, he generally assumes the role of commander of the enemy confronting the friendly army led by the sangsoe. Unlike the Honam region, in the nongak troupes of the Yeongnam, Gyeonggi, or Gwangwon regions the actor who plays a hunter is called posu (hunter), or chongjaengi or chongjaebi (gunman). During nongak performances in these regions, the daeposu plays with the other characters such as the nobleman, new bride, or grandma rather than showing the dignity of a general.

Daeposu

Daeposu
Headword

대포수 ( 大炮手 )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Arts > Nongak

Writer ParkHyeyoung(朴惠英)

The head of the party of actors (japsaek) in a nongak (farmers’ music) troupe in the Honam region, the daeposu enjoys the same status as the sangsoe (lead small gong player).

The daeposu (Kor. 대포수, Chin. 大砲手, lit. great gun carrier) is the lead actor and the person who controls the percussionists at the commands of the sangsoe, both leading the musicians and managing the crowd with the dignity of a general. As the head of the japsaek, he sometimes wears a mask, depending on region, and points a gun to repel misfortune. In Gurye Jansu Nongak, the daeposu wards off the bad luck collected by the jorijung (a monk who begs from the crowd carrying around a straw basket).

The daeposu wears a hunting cap, military cap, or uniquely shaped helmet, which are usually made of animal fur or leather. The title of “General” is marked on the hat, which is decorated with a pheasant plume or the taegeuk mark. Sometimes, the daeposu wears a hat with a paper streamer 12 feet long (yeoldubalsangmo) or a hunting cap.

The daeposu of Yeonggwang Nongak wears a helmet made of roe deer hide and adorned with the taegeuk mark and red paper. He carries a mesh bag on his back and a wooden gun in his hands. He is dressed in a red deogeure (short military coat) with multi-colored sleeves and a colored sash around his waist with bands of thee colors hanging down his back and red rope tied around one of his legs. He also wears a mask, which has a reddish complexion, white eyebrows and beard, and round gold foil pieces on the forehead, cheeks, and nasal bridge.

The daeposu of Hwasun Hancheon Nongak in Jeollanam-do Province dons a long vest with sleeves of multi-colored stripes and colored bands over the shoulders, and from his waist hangs a mesh bag to hold pheasants. He carries a wooden gun and wears a hat decorated with a tiger design. The daeposu of Sopo Geolgun Nongak wears a hat which bears the title Tongjeongdaebu (Kor. 통정대부, Chin. 通政大夫), an upper third rank government position. He also wears a mask and carries a mesh bag on his back and a tobacco pipe in his hand.

The daeposu of Jeongeup Nongak or Namwon Nongak in Jeollabukdo Province wears a brimless cap similar to a 12-feet streamer hat and carries a knapsack on his back. In Namwon Nongak, he holds a whip in his hand and has a red rope tied around one of his legs. He wears a brimless black hat with chicken or pheasant feathers attached and twirls the head. In Jinju Nongak of Gyeongsangnam-do Province, the daeposu wears a tiger mask, carries a mesh bag on his back, and dances holding a wooden gun in his hand. While dancing, he pretends to fire a gun and acts the fool from start to finish.

The daeposu has the appearance of a hunter, does not shirk at tough and unpleasant tasks, and leads the nongak troupe at the command of the sangsoe. In the Honam Nongak, the daeposu steals the gong played by the sangsoe, gambles, exchanges jokes with the percussionists, and clowns around as he leads the performance of the actors (japsaeknori). The daeposu wards off bad luck, prays for good fortune, and gives words of blessing during the treading of earth rite (madangbalbi), and presides over entertainment-oriented nongak (pangut) following the signals of the sangsoe. However, when acts such as ilgwangnori (battle between the gong players and the daeposu) or dodukjaebigut (catching the thief) take place, he generally assumes the role of commander of the enemy confronting the friendly army led by the sangsoe. Unlike the Honam region, in the nongak troupes of the Yeongnam, Gyeonggi, or Gwangwon regions the actor who plays a hunter is called posu (hunter), or chongjaengi or chongjaebi (gunman). During nongak performances in these regions, the daeposu plays with the other characters such as the nobleman, new bride, or grandma rather than showing the dignity of a general.