Origin of Martial Hero Deity(军雄本解)

Origin of Martial Hero Deity

Headword

군웅본풀이 ( 军雄本解 , Gunungbonpuri )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Literature > Folk tales > Mythology

Writer KimHeonsun(金憲宣)

The shamanic myth“Gunungbonpuri”narrates the origins of the shamanic god Gunung (Martial Hero Deity).

In this narrative, Grandpa Gunnong is the Heavenly Emperor Jeseok and Granny Gunnong is the Earthly Empress Jeseok; Father Gunnong is Wang Daejo Wang Janggun (Great Royal Ancestor Martial King) and Mother Gunnong is Huiseogenang; their eldest son Wang Geun, second son Wang Bin and youngest son Wang Sarang.

Father Gunnong Wang Janggun was a widower who made a living as a lumberjack. One day a young man in a straw hat (choripdongi) came by and said, “ I am the son of the Dragon King of the East Sea. The Dragon Kings of the East and the West Seas are at war, but we are losing, and I have come to request your assistance.”At this Wang Janggun responed that there was nothing he was afraid of except for one thing, which was the sea, and the young man told him not to worry and carried Wang Janggun on his back into the sea, whereupon the sea split up to make a path that led to the Dragon Palace. The Dragon King of the East Sea, happy at Wang Janggun’s arrival, commanded, “Tomorrow while engaged in battle with the Dragon King of the West Sea, I shall feign a defeat and dive into the water, and my foe shall act triumphant on the water, whereupon you are to kill him with an arrow. ”In battle the following day, when the Dragon King of the East Sea dived into the water, as he had said the Dragon King of the West Sea acted triumphant, and Wang Janggun shot him with an arrow, killing him. The Dragon King of the East Sea leaped out of the water, joyous, and asked“, How can I reward you?”and the dragon king’s straw-hatted son whispered in seceret to Wang Janggun that he should answer, “I don’t want anything else but your chest, ”explaining that inside the chest was his sister, who would bring to Wang Janggun’s all the comforts that he needed. Wang Janggun told the Dragon King he wanted the chest, and the King had no choice but to give it to him. Wang brought back the chest to the human world and each night, a woman as beautiful as the Moon Palace Fairy (Wolgungseonyeo) came out of the box. She became his wife and brought him all the clothing and food that he wanted. In three years she gave birth to three sons—the eldest Wang Geun, second Wang Bin and youngest Wang Sarang—and they all lived in prosperity. One day Wang’s wife, the Dragon King’s daughter, told them that she was returning to the Dragon Palace since she was not a human, and that they should continue to live in prosperity as rulers of Gunnong, and left.

The characters in this narrative share the surname Wang. Mother Gunnong is named Huiseogenang, similar in sound to Wisukwanghu (Queen Wisuk), the royal title of the mother of Goryeo’s founding king Taejo, birth name Wang Geon, which is also similar to Gunnong’s eldest son Wang Geun. This myth, therefore, is associated with the tale of Jakjegeon, about the progenitor of Goryeo and his ancestors, the narrative incorporated into the shamanic myth about the origin of Martial Hero Deity Gunung, which makes it an importance reference in the study of the relationship between folk narratives and shamanic myths in Korea. This myth also shares structural similarities with evil- repelling type folk narratives, another important element in the study of Korean narrative traditions.

Origin of Martial Hero Deity

Origin of Martial Hero Deity
Headword

군웅본풀이 ( 军雄本解 , Gunungbonpuri )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Literature > Folk tales > Mythology

Writer KimHeonsun(金憲宣)

The shamanic myth“Gunungbonpuri”narrates the origins of the shamanic god Gunung (Martial Hero Deity).

In this narrative, Grandpa Gunnong is the Heavenly Emperor Jeseok and Granny Gunnong is the Earthly Empress Jeseok; Father Gunnong is Wang Daejo Wang Janggun (Great Royal Ancestor Martial King) and Mother Gunnong is Huiseogenang; their eldest son Wang Geun, second son Wang Bin and youngest son Wang Sarang.

Father Gunnong Wang Janggun was a widower who made a living as a lumberjack. One day a young man in a straw hat (choripdongi) came by and said, “ I am the son of the Dragon King of the East Sea. The Dragon Kings of the East and the West Seas are at war, but we are losing, and I have come to request your assistance.”At this Wang Janggun responed that there was nothing he was afraid of except for one thing, which was the sea, and the young man told him not to worry and carried Wang Janggun on his back into the sea, whereupon the sea split up to make a path that led to the Dragon Palace. The Dragon King of the East Sea, happy at Wang Janggun’s arrival, commanded, “Tomorrow while engaged in battle with the Dragon King of the West Sea, I shall feign a defeat and dive into the water, and my foe shall act triumphant on the water, whereupon you are to kill him with an arrow. ”In battle the following day, when the Dragon King of the East Sea dived into the water, as he had said the Dragon King of the West Sea acted triumphant, and Wang Janggun shot him with an arrow, killing him. The Dragon King of the East Sea leaped out of the water, joyous, and asked“, How can I reward you?”and the dragon king’s straw-hatted son whispered in seceret to Wang Janggun that he should answer, “I don’t want anything else but your chest, ”explaining that inside the chest was his sister, who would bring to Wang Janggun’s all the comforts that he needed. Wang Janggun told the Dragon King he wanted the chest, and the King had no choice but to give it to him. Wang brought back the chest to the human world and each night, a woman as beautiful as the Moon Palace Fairy (Wolgungseonyeo) came out of the box. She became his wife and brought him all the clothing and food that he wanted. In three years she gave birth to three sons—the eldest Wang Geun, second Wang Bin and youngest Wang Sarang—and they all lived in prosperity. One day Wang’s wife, the Dragon King’s daughter, told them that she was returning to the Dragon Palace since she was not a human, and that they should continue to live in prosperity as rulers of Gunnong, and left.

The characters in this narrative share the surname Wang. Mother Gunnong is named Huiseogenang, similar in sound to Wisukwanghu (Queen Wisuk), the royal title of the mother of Goryeo’s founding king Taejo, birth name Wang Geon, which is also similar to Gunnong’s eldest son Wang Geun. This myth, therefore, is associated with the tale of Jakjegeon, about the progenitor of Goryeo and his ancestors, the narrative incorporated into the shamanic myth about the origin of Martial Hero Deity Gunung, which makes it an importance reference in the study of the relationship between folk narratives and shamanic myths in Korea. This myth also shares structural similarities with evil- repelling type folk narratives, another important element in the study of Korean narrative traditions.