Ox Exorcism-Drama of Pyeongsan, Hwanghae Province(黃海道平山―)

Ox Exorcism-Drama of Pyeongsan, Hwanghae Province

Headword

황해도평산소놀음굿 ( 黃海道平山― , Hwanghae-do Pyeongsan Sonoreumgut )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Autumn > 9th Lunar month > Game

Writer LeeDoohyun(李杜鉉)

Hwanghae-do Pyeongsan Sonoreumgut (Kor. 황해도평산소놀음굿, Chin. 黃海道平山―) is a shamanistic performance originating in the Pyeongsan area of Hwanghae Province. The purpose of the ritual is to pray for the positive outcome of all livelihoods including farming, business, and the prosperity of children. Aside from having a comforting effect on individuals and families who hosted it, the ritual also helped strengthen communal bonds within villages. On August 1, 1988 Hwanghae-do Pyeongsan Sonoreumgut was designated as Important Intangible Cultural Treasure No. 90.

Hwanghae-do Pyeongsan Sonoreumgut is performed as part of a larger shamanistic exorcism and usually follows the jeseokgeori (Kor. 제석거리, Chin. 帝釋-) segment of the ritual. The participants during sonoreumgut move from inside the house to the yard. The opening segment is called palseonnyeo nori (Kor. 팔선녀놀이, Chin. 八仙女-). After this segment, one of the performers hands a blank sheet to the actor playing the character of a folk deity Jeseok (Kor. 제석, Chin. 帝釋) and states that it is a message from Okhwangsangje (Kor. 옥황상제, Chin. 玉皇上帝, Jade Emperor). After “reading” the message, Jeseok sings a story in the style of a taryeong song (Kor. 타령, Chin. 打令). The end of each of the shaman’s phrases is echoed by other performers. The song tells the story of how Jeseok descended to earth on the order of the Jade Emperor, created human beings, and founded the state of Joseon (1392-1910). The actor then performs the jisangchum dance (Kor. 지상춤, Chin. 地上-, the dance of descending to the earth), bows, and reports to the Jade Emperor his safe arrival on earth. This ends the “heavenly segment, ” and marks the beginning of the “worldly segment.”

A performer dressed as an ox herder in a farmer’s outfit and hat enters the scene leading performers disguised as a cow and her calf. He exchanges jokes with Jeseok and they take turns singing songs. Other “gods” also join in but Jeseok remains at the center of the performance as the main deity controlling farming, fertility, and longevity. The ox herder plows the field with his cow; a Bodhisattva, named Aemi Bosal (Kor. 애미보살, Chin. 愛味菩薩), sows seeds; Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva (Jijang Bosal, Kor. 지장보살, Chin. 地藏菩薩) pulls weeds from the field, while Sinnong(ssi) (Kor. 신농(씨), Chin. 神農, Shennong, the Emperor of Five Grains from ancient Chinese mythology) motions as though he is supervising the farm work. Hwanghae-do Pyeongsan Sonoreumgut combines a shamanistic agricultural ritual with elements of performing folk arts.

Ox Exorcism-Drama of Pyeongsan, Hwanghae Province

Ox Exorcism-Drama of Pyeongsan, Hwanghae Province
Headword

황해도평산소놀음굿 ( 黃海道平山― , Hwanghae-do Pyeongsan Sonoreumgut )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Autumn > 9th Lunar month > Game

Writer LeeDoohyun(李杜鉉)

Hwanghae-do Pyeongsan Sonoreumgut (Kor. 황해도평산소놀음굿, Chin. 黃海道平山―) is a shamanistic performance originating in the Pyeongsan area of Hwanghae Province. The purpose of the ritual is to pray for the positive outcome of all livelihoods including farming, business, and the prosperity of children. Aside from having a comforting effect on individuals and families who hosted it, the ritual also helped strengthen communal bonds within villages. On August 1, 1988 Hwanghae-do Pyeongsan Sonoreumgut was designated as Important Intangible Cultural Treasure No. 90.

Hwanghae-do Pyeongsan Sonoreumgut is performed as part of a larger shamanistic exorcism and usually follows the jeseokgeori (Kor. 제석거리, Chin. 帝釋-) segment of the ritual. The participants during sonoreumgut move from inside the house to the yard. The opening segment is called palseonnyeo nori (Kor. 팔선녀놀이, Chin. 八仙女-). After this segment, one of the performers hands a blank sheet to the actor playing the character of a folk deity Jeseok (Kor. 제석, Chin. 帝釋) and states that it is a message from Okhwangsangje (Kor. 옥황상제, Chin. 玉皇上帝, Jade Emperor). After “reading” the message, Jeseok sings a story in the style of a taryeong song (Kor. 타령, Chin. 打令). The end of each of the shaman’s phrases is echoed by other performers. The song tells the story of how Jeseok descended to earth on the order of the Jade Emperor, created human beings, and founded the state of Joseon (1392-1910). The actor then performs the jisangchum dance (Kor. 지상춤, Chin. 地上-, the dance of descending to the earth), bows, and reports to the Jade Emperor his safe arrival on earth. This ends the “heavenly segment, ” and marks the beginning of the “worldly segment.”

A performer dressed as an ox herder in a farmer’s outfit and hat enters the scene leading performers disguised as a cow and her calf. He exchanges jokes with Jeseok and they take turns singing songs. Other “gods” also join in but Jeseok remains at the center of the performance as the main deity controlling farming, fertility, and longevity. The ox herder plows the field with his cow; a Bodhisattva, named Aemi Bosal (Kor. 애미보살, Chin. 愛味菩薩), sows seeds; Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva (Jijang Bosal, Kor. 지장보살, Chin. 地藏菩薩) pulls weeds from the field, while Sinnong(ssi) (Kor. 신농(씨), Chin. 神農, Shennong, the Emperor of Five Grains from ancient Chinese mythology) motions as though he is supervising the farm work. Hwanghae-do Pyeongsan Sonoreumgut combines a shamanistic agricultural ritual with elements of performing folk arts.