Memorial rite for an ancestral couple(合設)

Memorial rite for an ancestral couple

Headword

합설 ( 合設 )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Rites of Passage > Korean Rites of Passage > Jerye

Writer KimMiyoung(金美榮)

Honoring gowi (Kor. 고위, Chin. 考位, ancestral tablets of the deceased father and older generation male ancestors) and biwi (Kor. 비위, Chin. 妣位, ancestral tablets of the deceased mother and older generation female ancestors) together in a single memorial rite.

The arrangement of sinju (Kor. 신주, Chin. 神主, spirit tablet) on the offering table for the annual memorial rite is called seorwi (Kor. 설위, Chin. 設位, lit. placement of a spirit tablet), and is divided into two types according to the number of tablets placed on the table. One is danseol (Kor. 단설, Chin. 單設) where the ceremony is held for a single ancestor on his or her death anniversary, and the other is hapseol where the ceremony is held for an ancestral couple regardless of their death anniversaries, that is, holding a memorial rite for both on the death anniversary of the male ancestor and vice versa. In “Jujagarye” (朱子家禮, Family Rituals of Zhu Xi), it is stated that “only one ancestral tablet is placed on the table.” Since commemorating a death anniversary is an extension of mourning, the general rule was that an annual memorial rite should be held only for the ancestor celebrating the anniversary of his or her death.

Despite the fact that “Jujagarye” and other such books of rites state that danseol is to be observed, hapseol is commonly practiced.

Memorial rite for an ancestral couple

Memorial rite for an ancestral couple
Headword

합설 ( 合設 )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Rites of Passage > Korean Rites of Passage > Jerye

Writer KimMiyoung(金美榮)

Honoring gowi (Kor. 고위, Chin. 考位, ancestral tablets of the deceased father and older generation male ancestors) and biwi (Kor. 비위, Chin. 妣位, ancestral tablets of the deceased mother and older generation female ancestors) together in a single memorial rite.

The arrangement of sinju (Kor. 신주, Chin. 神主, spirit tablet) on the offering table for the annual memorial rite is called seorwi (Kor. 설위, Chin. 設位, lit. placement of a spirit tablet), and is divided into two types according to the number of tablets placed on the table. One is danseol (Kor. 단설, Chin. 單設) where the ceremony is held for a single ancestor on his or her death anniversary, and the other is hapseol where the ceremony is held for an ancestral couple regardless of their death anniversaries, that is, holding a memorial rite for both on the death anniversary of the male ancestor and vice versa. In “Jujagarye” (朱子家禮, Family Rituals of Zhu Xi), it is stated that “only one ancestral tablet is placed on the table.” Since commemorating a death anniversary is an extension of mourning, the general rule was that an annual memorial rite should be held only for the ancestor celebrating the anniversary of his or her death.

Despite the fact that “Jujagarye” and other such books of rites state that danseol is to be observed, hapseol is commonly practiced.