Lit. life course painting(平生圖)

Lit. life course painting

Headword

평생도 ( 平生圖 )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Rites of Passage > Korean Rites of Passage > Suyeollye|Hoehollye

Writer ParkJunghye(朴廷蕙)

A series of paintings depicting the ideal course of the life of a nobleman who enjoys a high official position and obok (Kor. 오복, Chin. 五福, lit. five fortunes in Confucianism).

Pyeongsaengdo, or the painting of a person’s life, is a kind of genre painting with strong idealistic and auspicious elements that emerged as a subject for art along with the development of genre painting in the latter half of the 18th century. The name pyeongsaengdo, which means “life course painting, ” was not used in the Joseon period but emerged in modern times. Pyeongsaengdo is composed of a series of scenes depicting rituals taking place through a lifetime, including the first birthday, marriage, and hoehollye (Kor. 회혼례, Chin. 回婚禮, lit. feast celebrating a couple’s 60th wedding anniversary) as well as scenes of life in public office from passing the higher civil service examination to reaching high official positions. Because the life scenes in public office were arranged between the wedding ceremony and the 60th wedding anniversary ceremony, the first scene of the painting consisted of a feast for the first birthday, and the last scene, of a feast for the 60th wedding anniversary. Pyeongsaengdo painted in the Joseon period were an attempt to show a nobleman’s ideal journey in life by including in the picture wishes for longevity, fame and prestige, wealth and honor, and many sons. This tendency of making idealistic and auspicious wishes in pyeongsaengdo can be confirmed from the auspicious symbols interspersed in the background of the painting, which stand for longevity and many sons, including paulownia trees, plantains, pomegranates, oddly-shaped stones, cranes, ducks, chickens, and deer.

Lit. life course painting

Lit. life course painting
Headword

평생도 ( 平生圖 )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Rites of Passage > Korean Rites of Passage > Suyeollye|Hoehollye

Writer ParkJunghye(朴廷蕙)

A series of paintings depicting the ideal course of the life of a nobleman who enjoys a high official position and obok (Kor. 오복, Chin. 五福, lit. five fortunes in Confucianism).

Pyeongsaengdo, or the painting of a person’s life, is a kind of genre painting with strong idealistic and auspicious elements that emerged as a subject for art along with the development of genre painting in the latter half of the 18th century. The name pyeongsaengdo, which means “life course painting, ” was not used in the Joseon period but emerged in modern times. Pyeongsaengdo is composed of a series of scenes depicting rituals taking place through a lifetime, including the first birthday, marriage, and hoehollye (Kor. 회혼례, Chin. 回婚禮, lit. feast celebrating a couple’s 60th wedding anniversary) as well as scenes of life in public office from passing the higher civil service examination to reaching high official positions. Because the life scenes in public office were arranged between the wedding ceremony and the 60th wedding anniversary ceremony, the first scene of the painting consisted of a feast for the first birthday, and the last scene, of a feast for the 60th wedding anniversary. Pyeongsaengdo painted in the Joseon period were an attempt to show a nobleman’s ideal journey in life by including in the picture wishes for longevity, fame and prestige, wealth and honor, and many sons. This tendency of making idealistic and auspicious wishes in pyeongsaengdo can be confirmed from the auspicious symbols interspersed in the background of the painting, which stand for longevity and many sons, including paulownia trees, plantains, pomegranates, oddly-shaped stones, cranes, ducks, chickens, and deer.