Junggu Memorial Service(重九茶禮)

Junggu Memorial Service

Headword

중구차례 ( 重九茶禮 , Junggu Charye )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Autumn > 9th Lunar month > Seasonal Holidays

Writer KimSiduk(金時德)

Junggu charye (Kor. 중구차례, Chin. 重九茶禮, lit. Junggu tea-offering ceremony) refers to the memorial service held on Jungyangjeol (Kor. 중양절, Chin. 重陽節, the ninth of the ninth lunar month). In general, memorial services in traditional society were held on seasonal holidays such as Seollal (Kor. 설날, Lunar New Year) and in fall on Chuseok (Kor. 추석, Chin. 秋夕, Harvest Festival, the fifteenth of the eighth lunar month). However, when the new crops of the year were not ripe enough to be offered on the ancestral altar at Chuseok, farming households delayed the memorial service until Jungyangjeol. Thus, Junggu charye had a special significance as a harvest rite. Depending on the region, this memorial service was also called guil charye (Kor. 구일차례), Junggu chasa (Kor. 중구차사, Chin. 重九茶祀), Junggwi charye (chasa) (Kor. 중귀차례(차사)), or Junggi chasa (charye) (Kor. 중기차사(차례)).

Junggu charye was not simply a substitute for the Chuseok memorial service as the range of ancestors worshipped on this day was wider and included those who had died away from home or without direct descendants. Koreans believed that such people were unfortunate and their spirits could be potentially harmful to the living. The memorial services held on Jungyangjeol were, therefore, aimed at appeasing their souls.

Junggu Memorial Service

Junggu Memorial Service
Headword

중구차례 ( 重九茶禮 , Junggu Charye )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Autumn > 9th Lunar month > Seasonal Holidays

Writer KimSiduk(金時德)

Junggu charye (Kor. 중구차례, Chin. 重九茶禮, lit. Junggu tea-offering ceremony) refers to the memorial service held on Jungyangjeol (Kor. 중양절, Chin. 重陽節, the ninth of the ninth lunar month). In general, memorial services in traditional society were held on seasonal holidays such as Seollal (Kor. 설날, Lunar New Year) and in fall on Chuseok (Kor. 추석, Chin. 秋夕, Harvest Festival, the fifteenth of the eighth lunar month). However, when the new crops of the year were not ripe enough to be offered on the ancestral altar at Chuseok, farming households delayed the memorial service until Jungyangjeol. Thus, Junggu charye had a special significance as a harvest rite. Depending on the region, this memorial service was also called guil charye (Kor. 구일차례), Junggu chasa (Kor. 중구차사, Chin. 重九茶祀), Junggwi charye (chasa) (Kor. 중귀차례(차사)), or Junggi chasa (charye) (Kor. 중기차사(차례)).

Junggu charye was not simply a substitute for the Chuseok memorial service as the range of ancestors worshipped on this day was wider and included those who had died away from home or without direct descendants. Koreans believed that such people were unfortunate and their spirits could be potentially harmful to the living. The memorial services held on Jungyangjeol were, therefore, aimed at appeasing their souls.