Beginning of Winter(立冬)

Beginning of Winter

Headword

입동 ( 立冬 , Ipdong )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Winter > 10th Lunar month > Seasonal Terms

Writer NaKyungsoo(羅景洙)

The ninth of the twenty-four solar terms, Ipdong (Kor. 입동, Chin. 立冬), literally means “onset of winter.” Falling on the day when the sun is at an ecliptic longitude of 225°, Ipdong falls on November seventh or eighth on the Gregorian calendar, and always during the tenth month on the lunar calendar. Ipdong happens a fortnight or so after the previous solar term, Sanggang (Kor. 상강, Chin. 霜降, lit. Fall of Frost) and a fortnight or so before Soseol (Kor. 소설, Chin. 小雪, lit. First Snow).

White radishes and cabbages are harvested around this time and households start preparing their winter stock of kimchi. Winter kimchi is said to be the tastiest of all kimchi if prepared no more than five days before or after Ipdong. In past farming communities a number of rites were observed around Ipdong, usually between the tenth and thirtieth of the tenth lunar month. These rites consisted of presenting rice cakes that were prepared with newly-harvested grains along with other sacrificial offerings to the altars that were set up in the main room, barn, and ox stables.

Another custom called chigyemi (Kor. 치계미, Chin. 雉鷄米, lit. pheasant, chicken, and rice) refers to the banquets hosted for the elderly in the community in order to honor their age and experience. Such banquets could take place on Ipdong, on the winter solstice or on the day of Jeseok (the last day of the lunar year). If economic conditions did not allow organizing a big feast, the elderly would be treated with a simpler meal such as a mudfish soup called dorangtang (Kor. 도랑탕).

In some areas, Ipdong was associated with fortunetelling known as Ipdong bogi (Kor. 입동보기, lit. Ipdong clairvoyance). The purpose of this practice included finding out about the outcome of farming and predicting the weather for the upcoming winter. A cold Ipdong day, for example, signified a harsh winter ahead.

Beginning of Winter

Beginning of Winter
Headword

입동 ( 立冬 , Ipdong )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Winter > 10th Lunar month > Seasonal Terms

Writer NaKyungsoo(羅景洙)

The ninth of the twenty-four solar terms, Ipdong (Kor. 입동, Chin. 立冬), literally means “onset of winter.” Falling on the day when the sun is at an ecliptic longitude of 225°, Ipdong falls on November seventh or eighth on the Gregorian calendar, and always during the tenth month on the lunar calendar. Ipdong happens a fortnight or so after the previous solar term, Sanggang (Kor. 상강, Chin. 霜降, lit. Fall of Frost) and a fortnight or so before Soseol (Kor. 소설, Chin. 小雪, lit. First Snow).

White radishes and cabbages are harvested around this time and households start preparing their winter stock of kimchi. Winter kimchi is said to be the tastiest of all kimchi if prepared no more than five days before or after Ipdong. In past farming communities a number of rites were observed around Ipdong, usually between the tenth and thirtieth of the tenth lunar month. These rites consisted of presenting rice cakes that were prepared with newly-harvested grains along with other sacrificial offerings to the altars that were set up in the main room, barn, and ox stables.

Another custom called chigyemi (Kor. 치계미, Chin. 雉鷄米, lit. pheasant, chicken, and rice) refers to the banquets hosted for the elderly in the community in order to honor their age and experience. Such banquets could take place on Ipdong, on the winter solstice or on the day of Jeseok (the last day of the lunar year). If economic conditions did not allow organizing a big feast, the elderly would be treated with a simpler meal such as a mudfish soup called dorangtang (Kor. 도랑탕).

In some areas, Ipdong was associated with fortunetelling known as Ipdong bogi (Kor. 입동보기, lit. Ipdong clairvoyance). The purpose of this practice included finding out about the outcome of farming and predicting the weather for the upcoming winter. A cold Ipdong day, for example, signified a harsh winter ahead.