Offering of Early-harvested Rice(新谷尝新)

Offering of Early-harvested Rice

Headword

올개심니 ( 新谷尝新 , Olgae Simni )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Autumn > 8th Lunar month > Rites

Writer PyoInju(表仁柱)

Olgae simni (Kor. 올개심니, offering of early-harvested rice) is a custom where farming households pick some rice shortly before the usual harvest time and offer the food prepared with this early crop on the ancestral altar. Depending on the region, olgae simni is also known as olgye simni (Kor. 올계심리), olge simni (Kor. 올게심리), olgi simni (Kor. 올기심니), ori simni (Kor. 올이심리/오리심리), olbe simni (Kor. 올베심리), or olbi sinmi (Kor. 올비신미). The word olgae (Kor. 올개) literally translates as “early rice, ” while the term simni (Kor. 심니) derives from simnye (Kor. 심례, Chin. 心禮), “ritual / ceremony from the heart.”

This custom is generally observed on Chuseok (Kor. 추석, Chin. 秋夕, Harvest Festival, the fifteenth of the eighth lunar month), but in some regions it takes place on an auspicious day shortly before or after Chuseok. If rice has not matured by Chuseok, the ritual may be postponed until the ninth lunar month.

Olgae simni may take a variety of forms. One such form is harvesting a small amount of rice, hanging it in a bundle at a doorpost, and bowing to it. Some families prepare food with this early harvested rice and hold a worship service offering it to their ancestors. Rice stalks with ripe grain are sometimes presented as offerings at ancestral tombs. The rice can be steamed and dried, and then placed near a well, at the village guardian mountain, house yard, or stable. Olgae simni can also take the form of hanging a bag of any new grain, including rice, millet or African millet on a pillar or wall inside the house. Olgae simni may be accompanied by a banquet in which people in the neighborhood are treated to wine and food. Rice cakes are sometimes used instead of steamed rice as offerings at ancestral shrines or on the altar of the earth god. Olgae simni serves as a way of appealing to the gods for good crop yields in the upcoming harvest and success in farming for the following year.

Offering of Early-harvested Rice

Offering of Early-harvested Rice
Headword

올개심니 ( 新谷尝新 , Olgae Simni )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Autumn > 8th Lunar month > Rites

Writer PyoInju(表仁柱)

Olgae simni (Kor. 올개심니, offering of early-harvested rice) is a custom where farming households pick some rice shortly before the usual harvest time and offer the food prepared with this early crop on the ancestral altar. Depending on the region, olgae simni is also known as olgye simni (Kor. 올계심리), olge simni (Kor. 올게심리), olgi simni (Kor. 올기심니), ori simni (Kor. 올이심리/오리심리), olbe simni (Kor. 올베심리), or olbi sinmi (Kor. 올비신미). The word olgae (Kor. 올개) literally translates as “early rice, ” while the term simni (Kor. 심니) derives from simnye (Kor. 심례, Chin. 心禮), “ritual / ceremony from the heart.”

This custom is generally observed on Chuseok (Kor. 추석, Chin. 秋夕, Harvest Festival, the fifteenth of the eighth lunar month), but in some regions it takes place on an auspicious day shortly before or after Chuseok. If rice has not matured by Chuseok, the ritual may be postponed until the ninth lunar month.

Olgae simni may take a variety of forms. One such form is harvesting a small amount of rice, hanging it in a bundle at a doorpost, and bowing to it. Some families prepare food with this early harvested rice and hold a worship service offering it to their ancestors. Rice stalks with ripe grain are sometimes presented as offerings at ancestral tombs. The rice can be steamed and dried, and then placed near a well, at the village guardian mountain, house yard, or stable. Olgae simni can also take the form of hanging a bag of any new grain, including rice, millet or African millet on a pillar or wall inside the house. Olgae simni may be accompanied by a banquet in which people in the neighborhood are treated to wine and food. Rice cakes are sometimes used instead of steamed rice as offerings at ancestral shrines or on the altar of the earth god. Olgae simni serves as a way of appealing to the gods for good crop yields in the upcoming harvest and success in farming for the following year.