Medicinal Rice(藥飯)

Headword

약밥 ( 藥飯 , Yakbap )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > January > 1st Lunarmonth > Seasonal Holidays

Writer JungHyunmi(鄭賢美)

Yakbap (Kor. 약밥, Chin. 藥飯, lit. medicinal rice) is a sweet dish made by steaming glutinous rice mixed with dates, chestnuts, pine nuts, honey, and soy sauce. Yakbap is also known as yaksik (Kor. 약식, Chin. 藥食), yakban (Kor. 약반, Chin. 藥飯), kkulbap (Kor. 꿀밥) or milban (Kor. 밀반, Chin. 蜜飯).

Yakpab is documented in many historical records. The Dongguk Sesigi (Kor. 동국세시기, Chin. 東國歲時記, A Record of Seasonal Customs in Korea, 1849) states that yakbap is a treat for the Great Full Moon Day (first full moon) and attributes the origin of the dish to the Silla dynasty (BCE 57- CE 935). The “Gyuhap Chongseo” (Kor. 규합총서, Chin. 閨閤叢書, Women’s Encyclopedia, 1809) emphasizes that consuming yakbap on the fifteenth of the first lunar month is a custom unique to Korea and not practiced in neighboring China. In “Gii” (Kor. 기이, Chin. 紀異, Myths and Legends), Book I of the “Samguk Yusa” (Kor. 삼국유사, Chin. 三國遺事, Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms, 1281), there is a legend entitled “Sageumgap” (Kor. 사금갑, Chin. 射琴匣), which also mentions a sweet rice dish. According to this legend, King Soji (?-500), the 21st ruler of Silla, during a trip to Cheoncheonjeong in the 10th year of his reign (488), was led by an unusual crow to a place where he met an old man. The man gave the king an envelope containing a sheet of paper with the word sageumgap inscribed on it. The Silla king is said to have averted death thanks to the crow and the letter he obtained from the man through the crow’s help. In order to commemorate this miracle and thank the crow, the day was called Ogiil (Kor. 오기일, Chin. 烏忌日, lit. Crow Memorial Day) and a ritual offering of chalbap (Kor, 찰밥, Chin. 糯飯, lit. glutinous rice) at the altar was held in its honor. The record finishes with the statement that the sacrificial food associated with the magical crow later became a holiday dish.

Medicinal Rice

Medicinal Rice
Headword

약밥 ( 藥飯 , Yakbap )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > January > 1st Lunarmonth > Seasonal Holidays

Writer JungHyunmi(鄭賢美)

Yakbap (Kor. 약밥, Chin. 藥飯, lit. medicinal rice) is a sweet dish made by steaming glutinous rice mixed with dates, chestnuts, pine nuts, honey, and soy sauce. Yakbap is also known as yaksik (Kor. 약식, Chin. 藥食), yakban (Kor. 약반, Chin. 藥飯), kkulbap (Kor. 꿀밥) or milban (Kor. 밀반, Chin. 蜜飯).

Yakpab is documented in many historical records. The Dongguk Sesigi (Kor. 동국세시기, Chin. 東國歲時記, A Record of Seasonal Customs in Korea, 1849) states that yakbap is a treat for the Great Full Moon Day (first full moon) and attributes the origin of the dish to the Silla dynasty (BCE 57- CE 935). The “Gyuhap Chongseo” (Kor. 규합총서, Chin. 閨閤叢書, Women’s Encyclopedia, 1809) emphasizes that consuming yakbap on the fifteenth of the first lunar month is a custom unique to Korea and not practiced in neighboring China. In “Gii” (Kor. 기이, Chin. 紀異, Myths and Legends), Book I of the “Samguk Yusa” (Kor. 삼국유사, Chin. 三國遺事, Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms, 1281), there is a legend entitled “Sageumgap” (Kor. 사금갑, Chin. 射琴匣), which also mentions a sweet rice dish. According to this legend, King Soji (?-500), the 21st ruler of Silla, during a trip to Cheoncheonjeong in the 10th year of his reign (488), was led by an unusual crow to a place where he met an old man. The man gave the king an envelope containing a sheet of paper with the word sageumgap inscribed on it. The Silla king is said to have averted death thanks to the crow and the letter he obtained from the man through the crow’s help. In order to commemorate this miracle and thank the crow, the day was called Ogiil (Kor. 오기일, Chin. 烏忌日, lit. Crow Memorial Day) and a ritual offering of chalbap (Kor, 찰밥, Chin. 糯飯, lit. glutinous rice) at the altar was held in its honor. The record finishes with the statement that the sacrificial food associated with the magical crow later became a holiday dish.