Year-end Food Gifts(歲儀)

Year-end Food Gifts

Headword

세의 ( 歲儀 , Seui )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Winter > 12th Lunar month > Rites

Writer SangKisook(尙基淑)

Seui (Kor. 세의, Chin. 歲儀, lit. year gifts) is the name for gifts to one’s relatives and friends that are given on Lunar New Year’s Eve. Such gifts are also known as gwese (Kor. 궤세, Chin. 饋歲), segwe (Kor. 세궤, Chin. 歲饋), or sechan (Kor. 세찬, Chin. 歲饌), with sechan referring both to the gifts given on Lunar New Year’s Eve and to the meals served to visitors who pay a visit bringing New Year’s greetings. Leading up to Lunar New Year’s Eve, families have to procure ingredients for the dishes to be presented at the memorial service on Lunar New Year. They usually prepare a large amount of food, as it is customary to receive impromptu visits during the holidays. The range of dishes varies depending on the means of a household, as well as whether or not a family holds an ancestral memorial service. Plain white rice cakes are a staple dish for this holiday and are prepared in most family kitchens.

A typical Lunar New Year meal consists of rice cake soup and sweets including gyoaseong (Kor. 교아성, candies made from malt sugar) and gangjeong (Kor. 강정, honey-glazed rice puffs). The gifts exchanged on Lunar New Year’s Eve usually include staple food items for the ancestral service, such as pheasant meat, abalone, fish roe, dried meat, dried persimmons, and dates. Other types of meat, fish, game, poultry, and fruit as well as cigarettes and wine may also be presented. The custom is intended to express gratitude to people in one’s life and wish them a great new year. It is still widely observed throughout the country.

Year-end Food Gifts

Year-end Food Gifts
Headword

세의 ( 歲儀 , Seui )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Winter > 12th Lunar month > Rites

Writer SangKisook(尙基淑)

Seui (Kor. 세의, Chin. 歲儀, lit. year gifts) is the name for gifts to one’s relatives and friends that are given on Lunar New Year’s Eve. Such gifts are also known as gwese (Kor. 궤세, Chin. 饋歲), segwe (Kor. 세궤, Chin. 歲饋), or sechan (Kor. 세찬, Chin. 歲饌), with sechan referring both to the gifts given on Lunar New Year’s Eve and to the meals served to visitors who pay a visit bringing New Year’s greetings. Leading up to Lunar New Year’s Eve, families have to procure ingredients for the dishes to be presented at the memorial service on Lunar New Year. They usually prepare a large amount of food, as it is customary to receive impromptu visits during the holidays. The range of dishes varies depending on the means of a household, as well as whether or not a family holds an ancestral memorial service. Plain white rice cakes are a staple dish for this holiday and are prepared in most family kitchens.

A typical Lunar New Year meal consists of rice cake soup and sweets including gyoaseong (Kor. 교아성, candies made from malt sugar) and gangjeong (Kor. 강정, honey-glazed rice puffs). The gifts exchanged on Lunar New Year’s Eve usually include staple food items for the ancestral service, such as pheasant meat, abalone, fish roe, dried meat, dried persimmons, and dates. Other types of meat, fish, game, poultry, and fruit as well as cigarettes and wine may also be presented. The custom is intended to express gratitude to people in one’s life and wish them a great new year. It is still widely observed throughout the country.