Fall of Frost(霜降)

Fall of Frost

Headword

상강 ( 霜降 , Sanggang )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Autumn > 9th Lunar month > Seasonal Terms

Writer KimJongdae(金宗大)

The eighteenth of the twenty-four solar terms, Sanggang (Kor. 상강, Chin. 霜降, lit. fall of frost) is the time when frost starts to form. It occurs between Hallo (Kor. 한로, Chin. 寒露, lit. Cold Dew) and Ipdong (Kor. 입동, Chin. 立冬, Onset of Winter) and is usually sometime in the ninth lunar month. On the Gregorian calendar, Sanggang falls around October twenty-third when the sun is at 210° on the ecliptic. This time of the year is characterized by nice weather and sharp drops in temperature at night. If the temperature is very low, one can see the first ice sheets forming.

This is also the time when fall foliage reaches its peak with dazzling colors and chrysanthemum flowers beginning to blossom. Similar to Jungyangjeol Day, people on Sanggang go on autumn picnics and indulge themselves with chrysanthemum wine. During the Joseon period (1392-1910), a national rite called dukje (Kor. 둑제. Chin. 纛祭) was observed on this day. On the agricultural calendar, this is the deadline for the conclusion of the fall harvest and the beginning of the preparations for winter.

In ancient China, the period between Sanggang and Ipdong was divided into three five-day periods. The first five-day period was described as the time to hunt for coyotes, the second was the time when grass and tree leaves turned yellow and fell to the ground, and the third was thought to be the time when insects entered their underground homes to hibernate.

Fall of Frost

Fall of Frost
Headword

상강 ( 霜降 , Sanggang )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Autumn > 9th Lunar month > Seasonal Terms

Writer KimJongdae(金宗大)

The eighteenth of the twenty-four solar terms, Sanggang (Kor. 상강, Chin. 霜降, lit. fall of frost) is the time when frost starts to form. It occurs between Hallo (Kor. 한로, Chin. 寒露, lit. Cold Dew) and Ipdong (Kor. 입동, Chin. 立冬, Onset of Winter) and is usually sometime in the ninth lunar month. On the Gregorian calendar, Sanggang falls around October twenty-third when the sun is at 210° on the ecliptic. This time of the year is characterized by nice weather and sharp drops in temperature at night. If the temperature is very low, one can see the first ice sheets forming.

This is also the time when fall foliage reaches its peak with dazzling colors and chrysanthemum flowers beginning to blossom. Similar to Jungyangjeol Day, people on Sanggang go on autumn picnics and indulge themselves with chrysanthemum wine. During the Joseon period (1392-1910), a national rite called dukje (Kor. 둑제. Chin. 纛祭) was observed on this day. On the agricultural calendar, this is the deadline for the conclusion of the fall harvest and the beginning of the preparations for winter.

In ancient China, the period between Sanggang and Ipdong was divided into three five-day periods. The first five-day period was described as the time to hunt for coyotes, the second was the time when grass and tree leaves turned yellow and fell to the ground, and the third was thought to be the time when insects entered their underground homes to hibernate.