Stone Lifting(举举石)

Stone Lifting

Headword

들돌들기 ( 举举石 , Deuldol Deulgi )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Autumn > 7th Lunar month > Seasonal Holidays

Writer ChoiDukwon(崔德源)

Deuldol deulgi (Kor. 들돌들기, lit. stone lifting) is the activity of lifting heavy stones conducted as part of a rite of passage when a boy is accepted by his community as a grown man. It is also a popular folk entertainment and usually took place at major seasonal festivals such as Jeongwol Daeboreum (Kor. 정월대보름, Great Full Moon Festival, the fifteenth of the first lunar month), Yudu (Kor. 유두, Chin. 流頭, Water Festival, the fifteenth of the sixth lunar month), Chilseok (Kor. 칠석, Chin. 七夕, the seventh of the seventh lunar month), Baekjung (Kor. 백중, Chin. 百中, Buddhist All Soul’s Day, the fifteenth of the seventh lunar month), and Chuseok (Kor. 추석, Chin. 秋夕, Harvest Festival, the fifteenth of the eighth lunar month).

Young men who wanted to be officially accepted by their community as responsible members participated in the event and demonstrated their strength before a panel of judges consisting of the elders of their village or town. The participants who were able to lift the irillyeok (Kor. 일인력, Chin. 一人力, lit. one-man power) stone were officially recognized as jinsoe (Kor. 진쇠, grown man). Those who succeeded in lifting the iillyeok (Kor. 이인력, Chin. 二人力, lit. two-men power) stone received the title of jangsa (Kor. 장사, strong man), and those who were powerful enough to lift the samillyeok (Kor. 삼인력, Chin. 三人力, lit. three-men power) stone were honored as meorinai (Kor. 머리나이, lit. very strong man). The successful candidates in the last group were granted the right to receive a wage twice that given to ordinary male workers and were selected to become flag bearers at village celebrations.

The deuldol (Kor. 들돌, lit. stones to be lifted) used for the event can be easily found under the tutelary tree of a village, near the village pavilion, guardian spirit shrine, and other representative structures. The stones function as a symbol of the village’s power and are believed to ward off evil and protect the village. The shape of these stones is either spherical like the full moon or oval like an egg, leading some researchers to interpret deuldol as symbols of fertility and abundance.

Stone Lifting

Stone Lifting
Headword

들돌들기 ( 举举石 , Deuldol Deulgi )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Autumn > 7th Lunar month > Seasonal Holidays

Writer ChoiDukwon(崔德源)

Deuldol deulgi (Kor. 들돌들기, lit. stone lifting) is the activity of lifting heavy stones conducted as part of a rite of passage when a boy is accepted by his community as a grown man. It is also a popular folk entertainment and usually took place at major seasonal festivals such as Jeongwol Daeboreum (Kor. 정월대보름, Great Full Moon Festival, the fifteenth of the first lunar month), Yudu (Kor. 유두, Chin. 流頭, Water Festival, the fifteenth of the sixth lunar month), Chilseok (Kor. 칠석, Chin. 七夕, the seventh of the seventh lunar month), Baekjung (Kor. 백중, Chin. 百中, Buddhist All Soul’s Day, the fifteenth of the seventh lunar month), and Chuseok (Kor. 추석, Chin. 秋夕, Harvest Festival, the fifteenth of the eighth lunar month).

Young men who wanted to be officially accepted by their community as responsible members participated in the event and demonstrated their strength before a panel of judges consisting of the elders of their village or town. The participants who were able to lift the irillyeok (Kor. 일인력, Chin. 一人力, lit. one-man power) stone were officially recognized as jinsoe (Kor. 진쇠, grown man). Those who succeeded in lifting the iillyeok (Kor. 이인력, Chin. 二人力, lit. two-men power) stone received the title of jangsa (Kor. 장사, strong man), and those who were powerful enough to lift the samillyeok (Kor. 삼인력, Chin. 三人力, lit. three-men power) stone were honored as meorinai (Kor. 머리나이, lit. very strong man). The successful candidates in the last group were granted the right to receive a wage twice that given to ordinary male workers and were selected to become flag bearers at village celebrations.

The deuldol (Kor. 들돌, lit. stones to be lifted) used for the event can be easily found under the tutelary tree of a village, near the village pavilion, guardian spirit shrine, and other representative structures. The stones function as a symbol of the village’s power and are believed to ward off evil and protect the village. The shape of these stones is either spherical like the full moon or oval like an egg, leading some researchers to interpret deuldol as symbols of fertility and abundance.