Harvest Festival Liquor(嘉俳酒)

Harvest Festival Liquor

Headword

가배주 ( 嘉俳酒 , Gabaeju )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Autumn > 8th Lunar month > Seasonal Holidays

Writer ParkRokdam(朴碌潭)

Gabaeju (Kor. 가배주, Chin. 嘉俳酒) is a liquor consumed during Chuseok (Kor. 추석, Chin. 秋夕, Harvest Festival, the fifteenth of the eighth lunar month) banquets. The first part of the name, gabae (Kor. 가배, Chin. 嘉俳), has its etymological roots in Gawi (Kor. 가위) or Hangawi (Kor. 한가위), words designating Chuseok. The custom of gabae is documented in the “Samguk Sagi” (Kor. 삼국사기, Chin. 三國史記, History of the Three Kingdoms, 1145) in the first volume known as the “Silla Bongi” (Kor. 신라본기, Chin. 新羅本紀, Official Chronicle of Silla) in an entry from the 9th year of the reign of Yuri Isageum (?-57). According to this record, “When a weaving competition that has started on the fifteenth of the seventh lunar month comes to an end on the Hangawi Day in the eighth month and the winners are decided, the losers treat the winners to food and liquor. This banquet is called Gabae.” The tradition of gabaeju, therefore, dates back to the Silla dynasty (BCE 57 – CE 935) and the name does not designate any special variety of liquor. Rather, it is a generic name for a seasonal liquor drunk on this festive occasion. Based on circumstantial information from this period, it is likely that the gabaeju served in the royal court and in the upper class households was sindoju (Kor. 신도주, Chin. 新稻酒, lit. liquor brewed from new crop of rice), while people in farming households drank nongju (Kor. 농주, Chin, 農酒, lit. farmers’ liquor), brewed according to family recipes.

Harvest Festival Liquor

Harvest Festival Liquor
Headword

가배주 ( 嘉俳酒 , Gabaeju )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Seasonal Customs > Autumn > 8th Lunar month > Seasonal Holidays

Writer ParkRokdam(朴碌潭)

Gabaeju (Kor. 가배주, Chin. 嘉俳酒) is a liquor consumed during Chuseok (Kor. 추석, Chin. 秋夕, Harvest Festival, the fifteenth of the eighth lunar month) banquets. The first part of the name, gabae (Kor. 가배, Chin. 嘉俳), has its etymological roots in Gawi (Kor. 가위) or Hangawi (Kor. 한가위), words designating Chuseok. The custom of gabae is documented in the “Samguk Sagi” (Kor. 삼국사기, Chin. 三國史記, History of the Three Kingdoms, 1145) in the first volume known as the “Silla Bongi” (Kor. 신라본기, Chin. 新羅本紀, Official Chronicle of Silla) in an entry from the 9th year of the reign of Yuri Isageum (?-57). According to this record, “When a weaving competition that has started on the fifteenth of the seventh lunar month comes to an end on the Hangawi Day in the eighth month and the winners are decided, the losers treat the winners to food and liquor. This banquet is called Gabae.” The tradition of gabaeju, therefore, dates back to the Silla dynasty (BCE 57 – CE 935) and the name does not designate any special variety of liquor. Rather, it is a generic name for a seasonal liquor drunk on this festive occasion. Based on circumstantial information from this period, it is likely that the gabaeju served in the royal court and in the upper class households was sindoju (Kor. 신도주, Chin. 新稻酒, lit. liquor brewed from new crop of rice), while people in farming households drank nongju (Kor. 농주, Chin, 農酒, lit. farmers’ liquor), brewed according to family recipes.