General Choe Yeong(崔瑩 將軍)

Headword

최영 장군 ( 崔瑩 將軍 )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Shamanic Deities

Writer LeeJungjae(李丁宰)

Choe Yeong Janggun (1316-1388) was a military commander in late Goryeo (918-1392), revered and later deified, as a defender of the state against the invasions of the Red Turbans (Honggeonjeok) and the Japanese, and maintained peace by sending reinforcements to Yuan China and suppressing domestic turmoil.

General Choe Yeong is one of several martial gods worshipped in Korean shamanism originated from historical figures. While serving as the highest chancellor in the 14th year of the reign of King U, Choe set out on a campaign to conquer the Liaodong region of Manchuria together with Jo Min-su and Yi Seonggye, who would later found Joseon. Upon arriving in Pyeongyang on their way north, he was persuaded by the king to return to the capital Gaegyeong, and Jo and Yi were sent to carry out the campaign. Yi, however, betrayed Jo and turned back to attack the capital. Choe struggled to defend the kingdom with the small number of soldiers remaining in the capital, but was defeated and beheaded.

General Choe’s tragic life led him to be deified as the most widely worshipped among shamanic martial gods including General Im Gyeong-eop (1594-1646) and General Nam Yi (1441-1468). According to shamanic worldview, those who meet a tragic, victimized death continue to drift around this world, unable to arrive at the underworld, and shamanic rituals serve as a means to appease these spirits and to guide them to the underworld. Among these tortured spirits, those of kings, generals and other renowned figures are deified and worshipped. General Choe Yeong is worshipped all over Korea, with shrines and related relics spread out around the country, especially in the central regions.

General Choe Yeong

General Choe Yeong
Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Shamanic Deities

Writer LeeJungjae(李丁宰)

Choe Yeong Janggun (1316-1388) was a military commander in late Goryeo (918-1392), revered and later deified, as a defender of the state against the invasions of the Red Turbans (Honggeonjeok) and the Japanese, and maintained peace by sending reinforcements to Yuan China and suppressing domestic turmoil.

General Choe Yeong is one of several martial gods worshipped in Korean shamanism originated from historical figures. While serving as the highest chancellor in the 14th year of the reign of King U, Choe set out on a campaign to conquer the Liaodong region of Manchuria together with Jo Min-su and Yi Seonggye, who would later found Joseon. Upon arriving in Pyeongyang on their way north, he was persuaded by the king to return to the capital Gaegyeong, and Jo and Yi were sent to carry out the campaign. Yi, however, betrayed Jo and turned back to attack the capital. Choe struggled to defend the kingdom with the small number of soldiers remaining in the capital, but was defeated and beheaded.

General Choe’s tragic life led him to be deified as the most widely worshipped among shamanic martial gods including General Im Gyeong-eop (1594-1646) and General Nam Yi (1441-1468). According to shamanic worldview, those who meet a tragic, victimized death continue to drift around this world, unable to arrive at the underworld, and shamanic rituals serve as a means to appease these spirits and to guide them to the underworld. Among these tortured spirits, those of kings, generals and other renowned figures are deified and worshipped. General Choe Yeong is worshipped all over Korea, with shrines and related relics spread out around the country, especially in the central regions.