God of Childbirth(帝释)

God of Childbirth

Headword

제석 ( 帝释 , Jeseok )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Worship of Household Gods > Divinities

Writer KwonTaehyo(權泰孝)

Jeseok is a household deity believed to be responsible for the conception and birth of offspring and for overseeing their fortune and longevity. It is also referred to as Jeseokjumeoni or Jeseogogari, depending on the form of sacred entity –a pouch or an earthenware jar, respectively. The name Chilseokhalmeoni, or Seven Stars Grandmother, is also used, indicating that it can be viewed as a female deity.

The name Jeseok originated from Buddhism, based on the Chinese transcription of Indra (Sakra), but in Korean folklore, its role is identical to Samsin, the Goddess of Childbearing, and thus in some cases regarded as the same deity. In the central regions of the Korean peninsula, Jeseok is viewed as a god who oversees the fortune and longevity of descendants, while in South Jeolla Province, it is regarded as an ancestral god, and in some parts also as a harvest god.

Jeseokjumeoni and Jeseogogari are sacred entities related to Jeseok. The pouch or earthenware jar usually contains rice, replaced each fall with newly harvested grains. When the year-old grains are taken out, a reading sometimes takes place to determine the fortunes for the family or the coming harvest. Sometimes the cotton pouches are wrapped with mulberry paper. In some regions, simple rites are held on Chirwolchilseok (Seventh Day of the Seventh Lunar Month) offering sea mustard (miyeok) soup and steamed rice cooked with the grains from the sacred pouch or jar. Worship rites for Jeseok are called jeseokje and are observed right before or after the sowing of millet or buckwheat, or on Baekjung (All Souls Day), which falls on the fifteenth day of the seventh lunar month. All the dates are closely related to the sowing and cultivation of seeds, the purpose of the rites lying in praying for a good harvest for the entire village.

God of Childbirth

God of Childbirth
Headword

제석 ( 帝释 , Jeseok )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Worship of Household Gods > Divinities

Writer KwonTaehyo(權泰孝)

Jeseok is a household deity believed to be responsible for the conception and birth of offspring and for overseeing their fortune and longevity. It is also referred to as Jeseokjumeoni or Jeseogogari, depending on the form of sacred entity –a pouch or an earthenware jar, respectively. The name Chilseokhalmeoni, or Seven Stars Grandmother, is also used, indicating that it can be viewed as a female deity.

The name Jeseok originated from Buddhism, based on the Chinese transcription of Indra (Sakra), but in Korean folklore, its role is identical to Samsin, the Goddess of Childbearing, and thus in some cases regarded as the same deity. In the central regions of the Korean peninsula, Jeseok is viewed as a god who oversees the fortune and longevity of descendants, while in South Jeolla Province, it is regarded as an ancestral god, and in some parts also as a harvest god.

Jeseokjumeoni and Jeseogogari are sacred entities related to Jeseok. The pouch or earthenware jar usually contains rice, replaced each fall with newly harvested grains. When the year-old grains are taken out, a reading sometimes takes place to determine the fortunes for the family or the coming harvest. Sometimes the cotton pouches are wrapped with mulberry paper. In some regions, simple rites are held on Chirwolchilseok (Seventh Day of the Seventh Lunar Month) offering sea mustard (miyeok) soup and steamed rice cooked with the grains from the sacred pouch or jar. Worship rites for Jeseok are called jeseokje and are observed right before or after the sowing of millet or buckwheat, or on Baekjung (All Souls Day), which falls on the fifteenth day of the seventh lunar month. All the dates are closely related to the sowing and cultivation of seeds, the purpose of the rites lying in praying for a good harvest for the entire village.