Ritual for Village Guardian Post(长栍祭)

Headword

장승제 ( 长栍祭 , Jangseungje )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Worship of Village Gods > Rites and Officiants

Writer RyuJongmok(柳鍾穆)

Jangseungje is a ritual held in the process of erecting jangseung, or village guardian posts, or to worship these guardians and pray for good fortune and to chase away evil spirits.

Rituals associated with village guardian posts are held on three different occasions: when felling the tree for carving the posts; to dedicate and bless the new posts with spiritual powers upon their erection; and for annual worship of the guardian posts held as part of dangsanje, the ritual for village gods. In many regions jangseungje is held on the fourteenth day of the first lunar month. Male villagers without unclean elements associated with this day climb the mountain to fell a tree to be carved into new guardian posts. A tree growing in the sun is selected for the male guardian post and a tree in the shade for the female post, and myriad other taboos must be observed for the selection of the right trees. When the selection is complete, simple offerings are set up and a ritual is held, after which the trees are axed. Then the lumber is transported to the carving workshop, the lumber for the male post positioned at the head of the procession. The head of jangseung must be carved from the bottom part of the tree, and the male guardian post must be erected prior to the female post, which will ensure harmony between the pair, enhancing the effect of jangseung in chasing away bad fortunes and inviting good fortunes for the village. Annual worship of the guardian posts is held as part of the village gods ritual dangsanje with simple sacrificial offerings, since jangseung is a low-shrine god while the village guardian god dangsan is a highshrine god, but rituals for jangseung are often held independently as well.

Ritual for Village Guardian Post

Ritual for Village Guardian Post
Headword

장승제 ( 长栍祭 , Jangseungje )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Worship of Village Gods > Rites and Officiants

Writer RyuJongmok(柳鍾穆)

Jangseungje is a ritual held in the process of erecting jangseung, or village guardian posts, or to worship these guardians and pray for good fortune and to chase away evil spirits.

Rituals associated with village guardian posts are held on three different occasions: when felling the tree for carving the posts; to dedicate and bless the new posts with spiritual powers upon their erection; and for annual worship of the guardian posts held as part of dangsanje, the ritual for village gods. In many regions jangseungje is held on the fourteenth day of the first lunar month. Male villagers without unclean elements associated with this day climb the mountain to fell a tree to be carved into new guardian posts. A tree growing in the sun is selected for the male guardian post and a tree in the shade for the female post, and myriad other taboos must be observed for the selection of the right trees. When the selection is complete, simple offerings are set up and a ritual is held, after which the trees are axed. Then the lumber is transported to the carving workshop, the lumber for the male post positioned at the head of the procession. The head of jangseung must be carved from the bottom part of the tree, and the male guardian post must be erected prior to the female post, which will ensure harmony between the pair, enhancing the effect of jangseung in chasing away bad fortunes and inviting good fortunes for the village. Annual worship of the guardian posts is held as part of the village gods ritual dangsanje with simple sacrificial offerings, since jangseung is a low-shrine god while the village guardian god dangsan is a highshrine god, but rituals for jangseung are often held independently as well.