General Im Gyeong-eop(林慶業 將軍)

General Im Gyeong-eop

Headword

임경업 장군 ( 林慶業 將軍 )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Shamanic Deities

Writer OhSegil(吳世吉)

Im Gyeong-eop Janggun was a great commander in late Joseon and is worshipped in shamanism as a martial deity.

Im Gyeong-eop (1594-1646) was a revered general who won wide public support for his outspoken opposition against China’s Qing dynasty, newly founded by Manchus, and continued loyalty for the declining Ming, but in the end died a tragic death in prison. He collaborated with Ming in resisting against the Qing forces to overcome the disgrace of the Manchu invasion of Joseon in 1636, but failed to win support within Joseon. This failure, however, led to the restoration of his reputation as a national hero, an icon of loyalty, fidelity and courage.

The story of Im’s life, as passed down in oral history, is a heroic one with displays of supernatural powers, chronicling early training in Taoist magic with the help of Sansin (Mountain God); a courageous hostage rescue mission to China; catching croakers with brambles; fetching drinking water from the sea. Following his tragic death, he is enthroned as a fishing god of Yeongpyeong Island off the western coast.

As a shamanic deity, General Im Gyeong-eop is worshipped in the coastal regions of Hwanghae and Gyeonggi provinces as a village guardian god who also oversees fishing. On Yeongpyeong Island there is a shrine dedicated to the deity and the general’s spirit is worshipped in the big catch rituals (pungeoje) of the western coast. In the past, croaker fishermen held a big catch ritual at the shrine for General Im Gyeong-eop on Yeonpyeong Island upon the arrival of the fishing season. The general public worships this deity as a protector against evil spirits and a healer of diseases, bringing health, longevity, security and peace.

General Im Gyeong-eop

General Im Gyeong-eop
Headword

임경업 장군 ( 林慶業 將軍 )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Shamanic Deities

Writer OhSegil(吳世吉)

Im Gyeong-eop Janggun was a great commander in late Joseon and is worshipped in shamanism as a martial deity.

Im Gyeong-eop (1594-1646) was a revered general who won wide public support for his outspoken opposition against China’s Qing dynasty, newly founded by Manchus, and continued loyalty for the declining Ming, but in the end died a tragic death in prison. He collaborated with Ming in resisting against the Qing forces to overcome the disgrace of the Manchu invasion of Joseon in 1636, but failed to win support within Joseon. This failure, however, led to the restoration of his reputation as a national hero, an icon of loyalty, fidelity and courage.

The story of Im’s life, as passed down in oral history, is a heroic one with displays of supernatural powers, chronicling early training in Taoist magic with the help of Sansin (Mountain God); a courageous hostage rescue mission to China; catching croakers with brambles; fetching drinking water from the sea. Following his tragic death, he is enthroned as a fishing god of Yeongpyeong Island off the western coast.

As a shamanic deity, General Im Gyeong-eop is worshipped in the coastal regions of Hwanghae and Gyeonggi provinces as a village guardian god who also oversees fishing. On Yeongpyeong Island there is a shrine dedicated to the deity and the general’s spirit is worshipped in the big catch rituals (pungeoje) of the western coast. In the past, croaker fishermen held a big catch ritual at the shrine for General Im Gyeong-eop on Yeonpyeong Island upon the arrival of the fishing season. The general public worships this deity as a protector against evil spirits and a healer of diseases, bringing health, longevity, security and peace.