Shamanic Ritual for Wind God(灵登巫祭)

Shamanic Ritual for Wind God

Headword

영등굿 ( 灵登巫祭 , Yeongdeunggut )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Rites and Officiants

Writer LeeSooja(李秀子)

Yeongdeunggut is a shamanic ritual held between the first and the fourteenth day of the second lunar month at village shrines in the coastal parts of Jeju Island, to greet the wind god Yeongdeung and pray for safety at sea and a big catch, not only for fishermen but also for the island’s women divers who gather conch, abalone and sea mustard.

On Jeju Island, the second lunar month marks the arrival of the wind goddess Yeongdeunghalmang as the season shifts from winter to spring, thus it is referred to as Yeongdeungdal, or Wind Goddess Month. Among the many different rituals for greeting and seeing off the deity, the best known is Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut in the neighborhood of Geonip-dong. The ritual delivers prayers for safety at sea and a big catch for fishermen and divers, but is also a village ritual to wish for peace and security in the community. The ritual is held in two parts, the first on the first day of the second lunar month, to greet the wind goddess Yeongdeung, and the second on the fourteenth day, to see off the departing goddess, the latter the more elaborate process. In contemporary times, yeongdeunggut no longer serves as a village ritual and focuses on the work of fishermen and divers.

On the day before the ritual, women divers and the wives of boat owners prepare rice cake and other sacrificial foods through the night, and at the break of dawn, the ritual table is arranged, along with a straw mat on the ground. Sacrificial foods include three bowls of steamed rice, fruit, seafood, layered rice cake with red bean filling (sirutteok), and plain white rice cake (baekpyeon). Additional bowls of rice are offered to Baeseonang (Boat Guardian Deity) if a boat owner is participating in the ritual or for a villager who has died at sea.

The ritual starts with the lighting of the candles on the table of sacrificial offerings, followed by the villagers, boat owners and the divers association offering three bows, and the shaman offering her shamanic props on the table. Then the shaman proceeds with the ritual.

Shamanic Ritual for Wind God

Shamanic Ritual for Wind God
Headword

영등굿 ( 灵登巫祭 , Yeongdeunggut )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Rites and Officiants

Writer LeeSooja(李秀子)

Yeongdeunggut is a shamanic ritual held between the first and the fourteenth day of the second lunar month at village shrines in the coastal parts of Jeju Island, to greet the wind god Yeongdeung and pray for safety at sea and a big catch, not only for fishermen but also for the island’s women divers who gather conch, abalone and sea mustard.

On Jeju Island, the second lunar month marks the arrival of the wind goddess Yeongdeunghalmang as the season shifts from winter to spring, thus it is referred to as Yeongdeungdal, or Wind Goddess Month. Among the many different rituals for greeting and seeing off the deity, the best known is Chilmeoridang Yeongdeunggut in the neighborhood of Geonip-dong. The ritual delivers prayers for safety at sea and a big catch for fishermen and divers, but is also a village ritual to wish for peace and security in the community. The ritual is held in two parts, the first on the first day of the second lunar month, to greet the wind goddess Yeongdeung, and the second on the fourteenth day, to see off the departing goddess, the latter the more elaborate process. In contemporary times, yeongdeunggut no longer serves as a village ritual and focuses on the work of fishermen and divers.

On the day before the ritual, women divers and the wives of boat owners prepare rice cake and other sacrificial foods through the night, and at the break of dawn, the ritual table is arranged, along with a straw mat on the ground. Sacrificial foods include three bowls of steamed rice, fruit, seafood, layered rice cake with red bean filling (sirutteok), and plain white rice cake (baekpyeon). Additional bowls of rice are offered to Baeseonang (Boat Guardian Deity) if a boat owner is participating in the ritual or for a villager who has died at sea.

The ritual starts with the lighting of the candles on the table of sacrificial offerings, followed by the villagers, boat owners and the divers association offering three bows, and the shaman offering her shamanic props on the table. Then the shaman proceeds with the ritual.