Wind God

Wind God

Headword

영등 ( Yeongdeung )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Worship of Household Gods > Divinities

Writer OhSegil(吳世吉)

Yeongdeung is the god that oversees the wind, worshipped in homes and in the community.

Names for this god vary by region, including Grandmother Yeongdeung, Pungsin (Wind God), Iwolhalmae (Second Month Grandmother), and Iwolsonnim (Guest in the Second Month), the most widely used being Grandmother Yeongdeung.

Wind is a critical factor in farming and fishing, and Yeongdeung is the god that reigns over it from the celestial spheres where she lives. This deity does not get involved in the affairs of the earthly world and of human lives throughout the year, with the exception of the first day of the second lunar month, when she descends on earth. If the winds are strong on this day, it is believed that the deity is accompanied by her daughter, and if it rains, she is accompanied by her daughter-in-law, an interpretation based on the general notions of the relationship between mother and daughter and that between daughter-in-law and mother-in-law –the former defined by mutual rapport, the latter by conflict. On the day of the ritual, villagers also rely on the weather to predict the prospects of their livelihood for the year ahead: Wind indicates that Wind Yeongdeung has descended, signifying drought and thereby a poor harvest; rain indicates the descent of Water Yeongdeung and signifies good production and rich harvest; and bright sun on ritual day indicates the descent of Fire Yeongdeung.

As the term Grandmother Yeongdeung indicates, this deity is generally perceived as a goddess, but on Jeju Island, the deity is worshipped as Grandfather Yeongdeung. Yeongdeung worship is observed mainly on Jeju and the southeastern parts of the peninsula, but can also be seen in a wide range of areas including the central regions and South Jeolla Province. The worship takes the form of rituals like yeongdeungje or pungsinje, the procedures varying by region.

Wind God

Wind God
Headword

영등 ( Yeongdeung )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Worship of Household Gods > Divinities

Writer OhSegil(吳世吉)

Yeongdeung is the god that oversees the wind, worshipped in homes and in the community.

Names for this god vary by region, including Grandmother Yeongdeung, Pungsin (Wind God), Iwolhalmae (Second Month Grandmother), and Iwolsonnim (Guest in the Second Month), the most widely used being Grandmother Yeongdeung.

Wind is a critical factor in farming and fishing, and Yeongdeung is the god that reigns over it from the celestial spheres where she lives. This deity does not get involved in the affairs of the earthly world and of human lives throughout the year, with the exception of the first day of the second lunar month, when she descends on earth. If the winds are strong on this day, it is believed that the deity is accompanied by her daughter, and if it rains, she is accompanied by her daughter-in-law, an interpretation based on the general notions of the relationship between mother and daughter and that between daughter-in-law and mother-in-law –the former defined by mutual rapport, the latter by conflict. On the day of the ritual, villagers also rely on the weather to predict the prospects of their livelihood for the year ahead: Wind indicates that Wind Yeongdeung has descended, signifying drought and thereby a poor harvest; rain indicates the descent of Water Yeongdeung and signifies good production and rich harvest; and bright sun on ritual day indicates the descent of Fire Yeongdeung.

As the term Grandmother Yeongdeung indicates, this deity is generally perceived as a goddess, but on Jeju Island, the deity is worshipped as Grandfather Yeongdeung. Yeongdeung worship is observed mainly on Jeju and the southeastern parts of the peninsula, but can also be seen in a wide range of areas including the central regions and South Jeolla Province. The worship takes the form of rituals like yeongdeungje or pungsinje, the procedures varying by region.