Ten Kings Greeting Ritual(迎十王祭)

Ten Kings Greeting Ritual

Headword

시왕맞이 ( 迎十王祭 , Siwangmaji )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Rites and Officiants

Writer MoonMoobyung(文武秉)

Siwangmaji, literally meaning, “greeting the Ten Kings, ” is a ritual for worshipping the Ten Kings of Myeongbu, where judgment takes place in the underworld.

In the shamanic rituals of Jeju Island, “maji” is a ritual for greeting the gods as they make their descent to the human world, and siwangmaji is a greeting ritual for the Ten Kings (Siwang), rulers of the judgment point Myeongbu, who are enshrined at siwangdangkeul (Siwang Shrine), the second palace in the heavens. In other words, the ritual serves to pave the path for the descent of the Ten Kings and the departure of the soul of the deceased, and to greet the Ten Kings and to see off the dead souls as they depart for the underworld.

The Ten Kings oversee, from the underworld, human lives and the souls of the deceased. They record the lifespan of each individual in their books and when someone’s time is up, a messenger is dispatched to bring him to the underworld, where judgment takes place whether he will be sent to hell or heaven, depending on his deeds during his lifetime. Since the Ten Kings oversee matters of life and death, Siwangmaji is practiced in all parts of Jeju.

This greeting ritual takes place on two different occasions: First is to pray for the extension of life for a critically ill patient in the family who is believed to have been summoned to the underworld by the Ten Kings; second is to pray for the exoneration of the deeds of the deceased to help send him to heaven. It is believed that if a deceased soul does not arrive safely in the underworld and gets lost in between worlds, it will turn into a ghost and come back to possess the soul of its family and relations, harassing them with diseases and calamities. Siwangmaji, in other words, is held as an individual rite or as part of a larger ritual, to request for healing and good health to lead a long life.

Ten Kings Greeting Ritual

Ten Kings Greeting Ritual
Headword

시왕맞이 ( 迎十王祭 , Siwangmaji )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Rites and Officiants

Writer MoonMoobyung(文武秉)

Siwangmaji, literally meaning, “greeting the Ten Kings, ” is a ritual for worshipping the Ten Kings of Myeongbu, where judgment takes place in the underworld.

In the shamanic rituals of Jeju Island, “maji” is a ritual for greeting the gods as they make their descent to the human world, and siwangmaji is a greeting ritual for the Ten Kings (Siwang), rulers of the judgment point Myeongbu, who are enshrined at siwangdangkeul (Siwang Shrine), the second palace in the heavens. In other words, the ritual serves to pave the path for the descent of the Ten Kings and the departure of the soul of the deceased, and to greet the Ten Kings and to see off the dead souls as they depart for the underworld.

The Ten Kings oversee, from the underworld, human lives and the souls of the deceased. They record the lifespan of each individual in their books and when someone’s time is up, a messenger is dispatched to bring him to the underworld, where judgment takes place whether he will be sent to hell or heaven, depending on his deeds during his lifetime. Since the Ten Kings oversee matters of life and death, Siwangmaji is practiced in all parts of Jeju.

This greeting ritual takes place on two different occasions: First is to pray for the extension of life for a critically ill patient in the family who is believed to have been summoned to the underworld by the Ten Kings; second is to pray for the exoneration of the deeds of the deceased to help send him to heaven. It is believed that if a deceased soul does not arrive safely in the underworld and gets lost in between worlds, it will turn into a ghost and come back to possess the soul of its family and relations, harassing them with diseases and calamities. Siwangmaji, in other words, is held as an individual rite or as part of a larger ritual, to request for healing and good health to lead a long life.