Mutual funeral aid association(喪布契)

Mutual funeral aid association

Headword

상포계 ( 喪布契 )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Rites of Passage > Korean Rites of Passage > Sangnye|Jangnye

Writer ParkKyungha(朴京夏)

Community association providng mutual aid for the expenses and labor required for a funeral.

In hyangyak (Kor. 향약, Chin. 鄕約, lit. community compact) of the Joseon dynasty (1392-1910), the article on supporting each other in times of hardship (患難相恤) placed an emphasis on giving aid in marriage and funeral ceremonies. In the late Joseon period, not only the ruling class (yangban) but also commoners and the lowest class formed mutual aid associations to provide labor for funerals (sangdugye). Depending on the size of the village and bier, such associations consisted of twenty to thirty households that helped each other with funeral work such as carrying the bier, stomping on grave sites, and selecting grave sites.

They held regular meetings twice a year in the spring and the fall, and sometimes collected the funds required for a funeral rite. Such associations based on family clan members were maintained from income from tenant farming on communal farmland. Each family was represented by one male adult. Different from hangyak or donggye, which were based on administrational units such as gun, hyeon, myeon, and dong, sangpogye are distinctive and important in that they were traditional associations based on clans or neighbors to give mutual aid specifically for funerals.

Mutual funeral aid association

Mutual funeral aid association
Headword

상포계 ( 喪布契 )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Rites of Passage > Korean Rites of Passage > Sangnye|Jangnye

Writer ParkKyungha(朴京夏)

Community association providng mutual aid for the expenses and labor required for a funeral.

In hyangyak (Kor. 향약, Chin. 鄕約, lit. community compact) of the Joseon dynasty (1392-1910), the article on supporting each other in times of hardship (患難相恤) placed an emphasis on giving aid in marriage and funeral ceremonies. In the late Joseon period, not only the ruling class (yangban) but also commoners and the lowest class formed mutual aid associations to provide labor for funerals (sangdugye). Depending on the size of the village and bier, such associations consisted of twenty to thirty households that helped each other with funeral work such as carrying the bier, stomping on grave sites, and selecting grave sites.

They held regular meetings twice a year in the spring and the fall, and sometimes collected the funds required for a funeral rite. Such associations based on family clan members were maintained from income from tenant farming on communal farmland. Each family was represented by one male adult. Different from hangyak or donggye, which were based on administrational units such as gun, hyeon, myeon, and dong, sangpogye are distinctive and important in that they were traditional associations based on clans or neighbors to give mutual aid specifically for funerals.