Shrine for Village Guardian Deity(本乡堂)

Shrine for Village Guardian Deity

Headword

송당본향당 ( 本乡堂 )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Shamanic Shrine

Writer KangJungsik(姜晶植)

Bonhyangdang is the term used on Jeju Island for village shrines for worshipping bonhyang, deities that protect the community.

Bonhyangdang is a sacred place in the village, serving as the venue for regular ritual services that reaffirm a sense of community. Enshrined here are gods that oversee the welfare of the village and prayers on livelihood, childbirth and rearing, and healing diseases, collectively called bonhyang and include mountain gods and gods of childbirth and rearing.

Some of the well-known bonhyangdang on Jeju Island are Waheulbonhyangdang, Songdangbonhyangdang, Susanbonhyangdang and Saemiharosandang.

Enshrined in Waheulbonhyangdang, located in the village of Waheul in Jocheon, are Harosantto, a village guardian deity and also a mountain god, and Seojeongseungttanimagi (State Official Seo’s Daughter), a god of childbirth and rearing and also a healing god– two deities of different gender and responsibilities. Two big rituals a year are held here.

Songdangbonhyangdang, in the village of Songdang in Gujwa, is known as the oldest shrine on Jeju. A giant sinmok (divine tree) stands on the grounds and the village guardian gods enshrined here are believed to oversee production, death and lineage.

Enshrined in Susanbonhyangdang, in the village of Susan in the Seogwipo metropolitan area, are two deity figures carved of wood, dressed in gender-specific traditional hanbok to indicate that the pair comprises male and female deities. The village guardian deity worshipped here is considered to be the highest in the hierarchy of all bonhyang originating from Mt. Halla.

Saemiharosandang is the shrine at Donghoecheon village in the Jeju metropolitan area, comprising an old hackberry tree that serves as sinmok and a cement altar to its left, without a separate shrine building. The deity worshipped here is believed to be the eighth or twelfth son of the deity enshrined at Songdangbonhyangdang.

Village rituals are still regularly held today at these shrines, mostly on the fourteenth day of the first lunar month, called singwaseje (ritual to offer greetings for the New Year), and on the fourteenth day of the seventh lunar month, called baekjungmabullimje (ritual for Buddhist All Soul’s Day).

Shrine for Village Guardian Deity

Shrine for Village Guardian Deity
Headword

송당본향당 ( 本乡堂 )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Shamanic Shrine

Writer KangJungsik(姜晶植)

Bonhyangdang is the term used on Jeju Island for village shrines for worshipping bonhyang, deities that protect the community.

Bonhyangdang is a sacred place in the village, serving as the venue for regular ritual services that reaffirm a sense of community. Enshrined here are gods that oversee the welfare of the village and prayers on livelihood, childbirth and rearing, and healing diseases, collectively called bonhyang and include mountain gods and gods of childbirth and rearing.

Some of the well-known bonhyangdang on Jeju Island are Waheulbonhyangdang, Songdangbonhyangdang, Susanbonhyangdang and Saemiharosandang.

Enshrined in Waheulbonhyangdang, located in the village of Waheul in Jocheon, are Harosantto, a village guardian deity and also a mountain god, and Seojeongseungttanimagi (State Official Seo’s Daughter), a god of childbirth and rearing and also a healing god– two deities of different gender and responsibilities. Two big rituals a year are held here.

Songdangbonhyangdang, in the village of Songdang in Gujwa, is known as the oldest shrine on Jeju. A giant sinmok (divine tree) stands on the grounds and the village guardian gods enshrined here are believed to oversee production, death and lineage.

Enshrined in Susanbonhyangdang, in the village of Susan in the Seogwipo metropolitan area, are two deity figures carved of wood, dressed in gender-specific traditional hanbok to indicate that the pair comprises male and female deities. The village guardian deity worshipped here is considered to be the highest in the hierarchy of all bonhyang originating from Mt. Halla.

Saemiharosandang is the shrine at Donghoecheon village in the Jeju metropolitan area, comprising an old hackberry tree that serves as sinmok and a cement altar to its left, without a separate shrine building. The deity worshipped here is believed to be the eighth or twelfth son of the deity enshrined at Songdangbonhyangdang.

Village rituals are still regularly held today at these shrines, mostly on the fourteenth day of the first lunar month, called singwaseje (ritual to offer greetings for the New Year), and on the fourteenth day of the seventh lunar month, called baekjungmabullimje (ritual for Buddhist All Soul’s Day).