Government Office Deity(府君)

Government Office Deity

Headword

부군 ( 府君 , Bugun )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Shamanic Deities

Writer KimTaewoo(金泰佑)

Bugun, or Government Office Deity, is a village tutelary god worshipped at government shrines or in shamanic rituals around the Seoul area.

In Joseon, this deity was enshrined at bugundang, set up near or on the grounds of government offices in the capital or in the provinces. These shrines were also called bulgeundang (red shrine), bugunmyo, bugunsa (shrine for government office deity), or bugeundang (phallic shrine). In present times, Bugun is enshrined at village shrines in the Seoul area along the Han River and worshipped as a folk deity of this specific region.

Historical figures and other characters are worshipped as Bugun, including Dangun, founder of ancient kingdom Gojoseon; Yi Seong-gye, founder of Joseon; General Kim Yu-sin of Silla; General Nam Yi of Joseon; General Choe Yeong of Goryeo; General Im Gyeong-eop of Joseon; and Maiden Song. Shamanic paintings hung inside shrines provide vivid representations of Bugun, mostly male but also sometimes presented as husband and wife. When portrayed as a male deity, his appearance is that of a high-rank official; when portrayed as a female, the deity wears fancy headpieces like jokduri or hwagwan, and ceremonial attire like wonsam or hwalot, all associated with aristocracy.

Government Office Deity

Government Office Deity
Headword

부군 ( 府君 , Bugun )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Shamanic Deities

Writer KimTaewoo(金泰佑)

Bugun, or Government Office Deity, is a village tutelary god worshipped at government shrines or in shamanic rituals around the Seoul area.

In Joseon, this deity was enshrined at bugundang, set up near or on the grounds of government offices in the capital or in the provinces. These shrines were also called bulgeundang (red shrine), bugunmyo, bugunsa (shrine for government office deity), or bugeundang (phallic shrine). In present times, Bugun is enshrined at village shrines in the Seoul area along the Han River and worshipped as a folk deity of this specific region.

Historical figures and other characters are worshipped as Bugun, including Dangun, founder of ancient kingdom Gojoseon; Yi Seong-gye, founder of Joseon; General Kim Yu-sin of Silla; General Nam Yi of Joseon; General Choe Yeong of Goryeo; General Im Gyeong-eop of Joseon; and Maiden Song. Shamanic paintings hung inside shrines provide vivid representations of Bugun, mostly male but also sometimes presented as husband and wife. When portrayed as a male deity, his appearance is that of a high-rank official; when portrayed as a female, the deity wears fancy headpieces like jokduri or hwagwan, and ceremonial attire like wonsam or hwalot, all associated with aristocracy.