Shaman Ancestor Goddess(巫祖神)

Shaman Ancestor Goddess

Headword

무조신 ( 巫祖神 , Mujosin )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Shamanic Deities

Writer LeeSooja(李秀子)

Mujosin is a deity believed to be an ancestor or progenitor of a shaman.

In Korean folk religion, various gods and figures are worshipped as a shaman’s ancestor, including Beobuhwasang (Monk Beobu), from popular legends, and Barigongju (Princess Bari), Gyemyeonhalmeoni (Grandmother Gyemyeon), Ssangdungi Samhyeongjesin (Triplets Deity) and Yujeongseungttal (Minister Yu’s Daughter), from the shamanic tradition.

The legend of Monk Beobu is the story of the monk who weds the human incarnations of Seongmocheonwang (Sacred Mother and Celestial King) of Mt. Jiri, and has eight daughters, training them as shamans to practice around the country. These daughters went on to be worshipped as shaman ancestor goddesses.

“Barigongju (Song of Abandoned Princess Bari), ” is a widely spread epic song that tells the story of a shaman ancestor goddess. When his queen gives birth to their seventh daughter, King Ogu abandons the baby, who comes to be called Baridegi, meaning, “abandoned baby.” The king dies from a disease but comes back to life thanks to life-saving water brought by Princess Bari. He asks her what he can do for her and Bari answers that she would like to help guide the deceased, thereby being appointed as a deity that oversees the underworld. This is viewed as an official acknowledgment of her power and authority as a shaman, and the basis of the worship of her character as a shaman ancestor goddess.

Gyemyeonhalmeoni (Grandmother Gyemyeon), worshipped in the Gyemyeon segment of a shamanic ritual, is a deity that goes around the country blessing children with good fortune and longevity and preventing calamities, and also plants bamboo and paulownia trees to make musical instruments.

Ssangdungi Samhyeongjesin (Triplets Deity) were the first shamanic officiants in the folk religion of Jeju Island, according to the oral epic “Chogongbonpuri (Song of the Origin of Shaman Ancestor Goddess).” A couple had a daughter late in life and named her Jajimengwangagissi. While her parents were away in Seoul, a man named Juja from Gold Mountain visits, leaving her pregnant. The daughter is thrown out due to her pregnancy, and after a difficult search, meets her husband and gives birth to triplets. When the mother is kidnapped by a man seeking revenge on the three brothers for his own failure in the state exam, the triplets rescue her, playing music on drums and gongs. They make their mother the keeper of a sacred shrine, and as makers of the divine knife (sinkal), they take the throne as Samsiwang, king of the underworld.

Yujeongseungttal (Minister Yu’s Daughter) is believed to be the first possessed shaman (gangsinmu). The daughter of Minister Yu loses her sight at age seven, experiencing great suffering in life. At 77, while passing through a neighboring village, Minister Yu’s Daughter saves a dead girl in a villager’s home, and in order to hold a shamanic ritual for her, is accepted as the spirit daughter (sinttal) of Jajimengwangagissi, the mother of the Triplets Deity.

Other shaman ancestor goddesses include Jakdodaesin (Blade Dance Shaman Ancestor Goddess), Daesinhalmeoni (Shaman Ancestor Goddess Grandmother), Mansinhalmeonisin (Shaman Ancestor Goddess Grandmother), and Daesinchangbusin (Shaman Ancestor Clown Goddess).

Shaman Ancestor Goddess

Shaman Ancestor Goddess
Headword

무조신 ( 巫祖神 , Mujosin )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Shamanic Deities

Writer LeeSooja(李秀子)

Mujosin is a deity believed to be an ancestor or progenitor of a shaman.

In Korean folk religion, various gods and figures are worshipped as a shaman’s ancestor, including Beobuhwasang (Monk Beobu), from popular legends, and Barigongju (Princess Bari), Gyemyeonhalmeoni (Grandmother Gyemyeon), Ssangdungi Samhyeongjesin (Triplets Deity) and Yujeongseungttal (Minister Yu’s Daughter), from the shamanic tradition.

The legend of Monk Beobu is the story of the monk who weds the human incarnations of Seongmocheonwang (Sacred Mother and Celestial King) of Mt. Jiri, and has eight daughters, training them as shamans to practice around the country. These daughters went on to be worshipped as shaman ancestor goddesses.

“Barigongju (Song of Abandoned Princess Bari), ” is a widely spread epic song that tells the story of a shaman ancestor goddess. When his queen gives birth to their seventh daughter, King Ogu abandons the baby, who comes to be called Baridegi, meaning, “abandoned baby.” The king dies from a disease but comes back to life thanks to life-saving water brought by Princess Bari. He asks her what he can do for her and Bari answers that she would like to help guide the deceased, thereby being appointed as a deity that oversees the underworld. This is viewed as an official acknowledgment of her power and authority as a shaman, and the basis of the worship of her character as a shaman ancestor goddess.

Gyemyeonhalmeoni (Grandmother Gyemyeon), worshipped in the Gyemyeon segment of a shamanic ritual, is a deity that goes around the country blessing children with good fortune and longevity and preventing calamities, and also plants bamboo and paulownia trees to make musical instruments.

Ssangdungi Samhyeongjesin (Triplets Deity) were the first shamanic officiants in the folk religion of Jeju Island, according to the oral epic “Chogongbonpuri (Song of the Origin of Shaman Ancestor Goddess).” A couple had a daughter late in life and named her Jajimengwangagissi. While her parents were away in Seoul, a man named Juja from Gold Mountain visits, leaving her pregnant. The daughter is thrown out due to her pregnancy, and after a difficult search, meets her husband and gives birth to triplets. When the mother is kidnapped by a man seeking revenge on the three brothers for his own failure in the state exam, the triplets rescue her, playing music on drums and gongs. They make their mother the keeper of a sacred shrine, and as makers of the divine knife (sinkal), they take the throne as Samsiwang, king of the underworld.

Yujeongseungttal (Minister Yu’s Daughter) is believed to be the first possessed shaman (gangsinmu). The daughter of Minister Yu loses her sight at age seven, experiencing great suffering in life. At 77, while passing through a neighboring village, Minister Yu’s Daughter saves a dead girl in a villager’s home, and in order to hold a shamanic ritual for her, is accepted as the spirit daughter (sinttal) of Jajimengwangagissi, the mother of the Triplets Deity.

Other shaman ancestor goddesses include Jakdodaesin (Blade Dance Shaman Ancestor Goddess), Daesinhalmeoni (Shaman Ancestor Goddess Grandmother), Mansinhalmeonisin (Shaman Ancestor Goddess Grandmother), and Daesinchangbusin (Shaman Ancestor Clown Goddess).