State Official God(大監)

Headword

대감 ( 大監 , Daegam )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Shamanic Deities

Writer LeeYongbum(李龍範)

Daegam, or State Official God, is a deity that oversees material fortune.

This deity is worshipped mostly in the Seoul and Gyeonggi regions and the northern provinces, and rarely observed south of the Han River. A separate segment for Daegam is held as part of shamanic rituals and the deity is also enshrined in the form of shamanic paintings (musindo).

It is generally viewed that Daegam is in charge of the singular function of overseeing material fortune, but the deity is manifested as various types and versions. Daegam can be largely classified by types of sacrificial food, into Sodaegam (Clean Daegam) and Daegam, the former a deity that does not take meat and the latter a deity that accepts meat. This classification is observed in the shamanic practices of Hwanghae Province. A larger and more complicated range of types make their apperance in the Daegam segment of shamanic rituals held in the Seoul area: Daegam as possessing spirit of shamans; Sangsandaegam, which is associated with General Choe Yeong; Dodangdaegam, or Bugundaegam, with mountains around Seoul; and Daegamsin with the house and ancestors of the family hosting the ritual, or with their livelihood or possessions, including household items and cars. In other words, Daegam is a deity that exists in myriad forms and manifestations related with the people, objects or activities within a given space, including houses and villages.

Daegam is universally portrayed as a greedy character that brings with him material fortunes, and also as a two-sided deity that brings to people both material gain and troubles. In other words, Daegam expects humans to pay attention to him and offer devotion, and if this expectation is not met, the deity brings calamities and causes pain for the family.

State Official God

State Official God
Headword

대감 ( 大監 , Daegam )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Shamanic Deities

Writer LeeYongbum(李龍範)

Daegam, or State Official God, is a deity that oversees material fortune.

This deity is worshipped mostly in the Seoul and Gyeonggi regions and the northern provinces, and rarely observed south of the Han River. A separate segment for Daegam is held as part of shamanic rituals and the deity is also enshrined in the form of shamanic paintings (musindo).

It is generally viewed that Daegam is in charge of the singular function of overseeing material fortune, but the deity is manifested as various types and versions. Daegam can be largely classified by types of sacrificial food, into Sodaegam (Clean Daegam) and Daegam, the former a deity that does not take meat and the latter a deity that accepts meat. This classification is observed in the shamanic practices of Hwanghae Province. A larger and more complicated range of types make their apperance in the Daegam segment of shamanic rituals held in the Seoul area: Daegam as possessing spirit of shamans; Sangsandaegam, which is associated with General Choe Yeong; Dodangdaegam, or Bugundaegam, with mountains around Seoul; and Daegamsin with the house and ancestors of the family hosting the ritual, or with their livelihood or possessions, including household items and cars. In other words, Daegam is a deity that exists in myriad forms and manifestations related with the people, objects or activities within a given space, including houses and villages.

Daegam is universally portrayed as a greedy character that brings with him material fortunes, and also as a two-sided deity that brings to people both material gain and troubles. In other words, Daegam expects humans to pay attention to him and offer devotion, and if this expectation is not met, the deity brings calamities and causes pain for the family.