God of Origins(感应)

God of Origins

Headword

가망 ( 感应 , Gamang )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Shamanic Deities

Writer HongTaehan(洪泰漢)

Gamang is the god that oversees the origins of all the deities in Korean folk religion, in charge of opening the gates of the heavens for the spirits and humans to meet.

Since Gamang signifies the shamanic origins, the segment for cleansing impurities inviting the gods (bujeong cheongbae) in the rituals of the Seoul area start out with the incantation of “Yeongjeonggamang Bujeonggamang, ” to invite these deities. In shamanic rituals, Gamang must be addressed prior to Bonhyang, the deity that oversees the ancestral roots of the ritual host, and must be called out prior to Josang (Ancestor God), before calling Malmyeong (God of Deceased Ancestors) and Daesin, the deity of the officiating shaman’s ancestor. Assistance from Gamang is crucial to the journey to the underworld.

In the rituals of the Seoul area, the bujeong cheongbae segment is followed by the Gamang segment, after which the ritual’s host (jaegajip) can carry out libation and offer bows, for Gamang has arrived and opened the gates to the origins and the ritual can now begin.

Gamang is also related to Josangsin (Ancestor God). In the Josang segment, many of the family’s deceased ancestors are invited to the ritual, and they can enter the ritual grounds only after the words of Gamang are delivered through the shaman’s channeling (gongsu). The invitation of Gamang, as shown in the rituals of the Seoul area, is a procedure observed in rituals across the country, and can be viewed as a universal phenomenon in Korean shamanism.

God of Origins

God of Origins
Headword

가망 ( 感应 , Gamang )

Location of the encyclopedia

Korean Folk Beliefs > Shamanism > Shamanic Deities

Writer HongTaehan(洪泰漢)

Gamang is the god that oversees the origins of all the deities in Korean folk religion, in charge of opening the gates of the heavens for the spirits and humans to meet.

Since Gamang signifies the shamanic origins, the segment for cleansing impurities inviting the gods (bujeong cheongbae) in the rituals of the Seoul area start out with the incantation of “Yeongjeonggamang Bujeonggamang, ” to invite these deities. In shamanic rituals, Gamang must be addressed prior to Bonhyang, the deity that oversees the ancestral roots of the ritual host, and must be called out prior to Josang (Ancestor God), before calling Malmyeong (God of Deceased Ancestors) and Daesin, the deity of the officiating shaman’s ancestor. Assistance from Gamang is crucial to the journey to the underworld.

In the rituals of the Seoul area, the bujeong cheongbae segment is followed by the Gamang segment, after which the ritual’s host (jaegajip) can carry out libation and offer bows, for Gamang has arrived and opened the gates to the origins and the ritual can now begin.

Gamang is also related to Josangsin (Ancestor God). In the Josang segment, many of the family’s deceased ancestors are invited to the ritual, and they can enter the ritual grounds only after the words of Gamang are delivered through the shaman’s channeling (gongsu). The invitation of Gamang, as shown in the rituals of the Seoul area, is a procedure observed in rituals across the country, and can be viewed as a universal phenomenon in Korean shamanism.