General Han Festival(韓將軍-)
Hanjanggun Nori (Kor. 한장군놀이, Chin. 韓將軍-, lit. General Han play) is a folk festival held on Dano (Kor. 단오, Chin. 端午, the fifth of the fifth lunar month) by the villagers of Jain-myeon, Gyeongsan-si, North Gyeongsang Province. The festival honors General Han and his sister. These two led a heroic fight against Japanese invaders who pillaged their home town during the invasion in the late 16th century. The festival was designated as Important Intangible Cultural Treasure No. 44 in 1973.
The story of General Han was told in the Jain area for many generations. According to this legend, a group of Japanese pirates built a camp in the Docheon Mountains and devastated the neighboring villages. However, due to brilliant tactics devised by General Han, all the pirates were seized and the area could continue to thrive peacefully.
The General Han Festival starts on Dano with a parade that proceeds to Jinjangteo square. At the square, the female members of the Jain-myeon community perform a group dance, after which there is a memorial service to honor the general and his sister at the village shrines. At the end of the festival, women perform another dance for the members of the town magistrate. This dance is referred to as yeowonmu (Kor. 여원무, Chin. 女圓舞, lit. women’s circle dance) and is intended to demonstrate the tactic used by the General. According to the legend, the General succeeded in luring the pirates out of their hideouts in the mountains by performing a fascinating dance with his sister who was wearing a lavishly decorated floral headdress.
As the festival commemorates the General, its main events are memorial services held in sequence at the shrines visited by the festival procession. The service that takes place at Jinchungmyo Shrine is regarded as the most important.