Dano Poetry Collection(端午帖)
Danocheop (Kor. 단오첩, Chin. 端午帖, lit. Dano album) refers to collections of poems written by government officials of the Joseon dynasty (1392-1910) to celebrate Dano (Kor. 단오, Chin. 端午, Festival of the Fifth of the Fifth Month). Historical records document that the Joseon monarchs regarded the Dano poetry writing as a custom important for education. According to a record in the “Seongjong Sillok” (Kor. 성종실록, Chin. 成宗實錄, The Annals of King Seongjong, 1499) dated the second of the fifth lunar month in the twenty-third year of the reign of King Seongjong (1457-1494), the king promoted writing Dano poems not only to celebrate the festival, but also to encourage general learning activities. He was disappointed that the custom was only maintained as an old tradition instead of its real objective of promoting learning. Therefore, the king made the following statement: "As I read the recently sent poems, I found that they were not written with the purest of heart. From now on, all the Dano poems should be graded by a minister who knows poetry, and the best pieces should be honored." A similar record is found in the “Yeongjo Sillok” (Kor. 영조실록, Chin. 英祖實錄, The Annals of King Yeongjo, 1781). On the third of the fifth lunar month in the thirty-eighth year of King Yeongjo’s reign (1694-1776), the king complained that the Dano poems presented to him that year were simply flattery without any critique or substantial objections. Such records demonstrate that the custom of writing Dano poems to the Joseon rulers was originally intended as an opportunity for government officials to advise their kings. The custom gradually lost its meaning and devolved into lackluster praise poetry.