Land Tutelary God
Teoju, or Land Tutelary God, resides on the grounds of a house, overseeing peace in the family and safety on the grounds.
This deity is also called Teojusin, Teojutdaegam (Land Tutelary Official God), Teojuhalmae (Land Tutelary Grandmother) and Jisin (Earth God), and is worshipped in the form of the sacred entity teojutgari, placed in the backyard or by the sauce jar terrace.
Teojutgari is an earthenware jar filled with the best grains of rice among the first harvest of the fall, covered with a lid and draped with a conical straw bundle. Sometimes the jar is filled with five grains, including rice, soy beans, sorghum, and red beans. The straw cover is made by tying one end of the bundle to form an upside down cone, the bottom spread outward. The straw is replaced each year during the annual household ritual gaeulgosa (autumn rite), and the old straw bundle is burned in the yard. To replace the grains in the jar, the old grains are steamed or made into rice cake to be consumed in the home, for these grains must not leave the house. When the family moves, the sacred entity is taken with them.
Teoju worship rituals take place around the tenth lunar month, on an auspicious day selected by the women of the household, and is called gaeulgosa (autumn rite). The order of worship varies by region, but generally follows one that starts with Seongju (House Guardian God), Jowang (Kitchen God), then Teoju. Sacrificial food for Teoju includes sirutteok (layered rice cake with red bean filling), whole dried pollock (bugeo), and fresh water from the well (jeonghwasu), or makgeolli, coarse rice wine. When a shaman is commissioned to officiate the ritual, the sacrificial foods are more elaborate, including fruits in three colors. The women of the house also offer their prayers to Teoju throughout the year whenever there is trouble in the home, with a simple bowl of steamed rice (me) and fresh water from the well.