Association of Entertainers(才人廳)
Jaeincheong, or Association of Entertainers, was a selfgoverning organization formed by shamans, musicians, acrobats, dancers and clowns.
The association was also called Gwangdaecheong (Association of Clowns) or Hwarangcheong (Association of Shamanic Musicians), and maintained offices in Gyeonggi, Chungcheong and Jeolla provinces. It had a strict organizational structure and its members included hereditary shamans (seseummu), shamanic music accompanists (hwarang), acrobats (jaein), singing and dancing entertainers (yein) shamanic perfomers and clowns (gwangdae).
The association maintained a regional office in each province, directed by a daebang, who was served by two dosanju, each in charge of the management of half the province.
Jaeincheong was established in late Joseon, between 18th century and early 19th century, and was maintained until the 1920s. It was a civilian association that grew out of the thriving business of entertainment and shamanic services since the 17th century and smaller societies reorganized themselves as Jaeincheong to better meet the public demand for these services with better management.