Ancestral Household Deity
Sejon is a household god that originated from Buddhism and alternate versions of the name include Sijun and Siju.
Following the introduction of Buddhism, Korea’s folk religion and Buddhism have had significant influence on each other in many different ways. As in the case of Jeseok, Sejon was originally a Buddhist term, Bhagavat in Sanskrit, referring to the most revered one, or Buddha himself, but has been worshipped as a household god in Korean folk belief. Sejon is an ancestral deity, that of the highest order among household gods, along with Seongju (House Guardian God). As an ancestral god also related to childbearing, Sejon also possesses Buddhist traits, especially in regard to sacrificial offerings, which excludes fish and meat due to the deity’s Buddhist associations. Shamanic rituals include a segment dedicated to Sejon. The household worship of Sejon is a practice that is passed down from mother to daughter, who enshrines the deity in her married home through divination or a shamanic ritual.