Ritual for Removing Speck from Eye(除红眼术)
Samjapgi is a sorcery ritual for removing a small speck in the eye.
In the distant past, eye diseases were common but considered especially mysterious and thus feared. Sam is a traditional term that refers to a tiny white or red speck that has developed on the pupil, and samnun is the eye inflammation caused by this speck, accompanying pain and redness. An alternate term for the ritual for removing this symptom is samnunjapgi.
One healing method involved using red beans. At sunrise, a bowl of water was placed outside the gate, into which a single red bean was dropped and if it made a circle on the water, it was believed that the speck will go away. The red color of the bean was thought to be effective for chasing away bad forces, and the single bean also served as a metaphor for the speck, and its descent into water was a visualization of the speck drowning. The time of the ritual was related to the fact that when a person afflicted with eye inflammation had difficulty seeing in bright sunlight. Another method was to hang or draw a picture of a face and pierce the afflicted spot with a sharp object like a needle, thorn or kitchen knife, in an attempt to directly attack and threaten the speck.
Samjapgi, in other words, was a conceptual act of seeking direct healing through sorcery.