A Record of the Seasonal Customs of the Eastern Kingdom
Dongguksesigi (A Record of the Seasonal Customs of the Eastern Kingdom) is an almanac of the monthly seasonal customs written by Hong Seok-mo, a scholar in Joseon during the reigns of King Jeongjo (1725-1800) and King Sunjo (1800-1834).
The book records the monthly seasonal rites practiced around the country from the first lunar month to the twelfth, including a leap month, as observed in the royal court; by aristocrats and literati; and by the commoners of farming, fishing and mountain communities. Customs that do not follow specific dates in a month are listed separately under “wollae, ” meaning “within the month.” A total of 23 customs are listed, 34 including the wollae category. Seven of them are listed under the first lunar month, the biggest number of rites under a single month, followed by the third lunar month, with three.
Each custom is described with quotes from writings and poems on the seasonal customs of China. The 15th-century cultural geography Donggukyeojiseungnam (Augmented Survey of the Geography of the Eastern Kingdom) was also widely quoted in introducing the Korean customs.