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01

Songcheon Daljiptaeugi

A custom burning daljip during the night of Jeongwol Daeboreum in Songsan Village of Songcheon-ri, Woldeung-myeon, Suncheon, Jeollanam-do Province. The tradition of burning a daljip in Songsan Village has been transmitted from generation to generation and happily enjoyed by the villagers. It was designated as Intangible Cultural Property No. 24 of Jeollanam-do Province as of January 31, 1994. Songcheon Daljiptaeugi is a combination of various seasonal customs. It has been passed down along with

Korean Folk Arts

02

General Gang Gam-chan

This legend, in different variations, depicts Gang Gam-chan (948-1031), the renowned military commander of Goryeo known as one of the three greatest generals in Korean history, as a supernatural hero. Gang’s mythical accomplishments are recorded in documents and publications including Bohanjip (Collection of Writings to Relieve Idleness) of Goryeo; Yongjaechonghwa (Assorted Writings of Yongjae) of early Joseon; and Haedongijeok (Extraordinary Lives from East of the Sea) of Joseon. Haedongijeok,

Korean Folk Literature

03

Masangjae

A series of acrobatic movements performed on running horses, including standing upright, headstands, hanging on the side, and moving from one side to another. Masangjae refers to a series of acrobatic movements performed on running horses, while along with Gyeokgu (Korean polo), Masangjae is generally considered a kind of equestrian martial arts. Despite an unknown time of origin, it is assumed that Masangjae has a considerably long history given the fact that horses were already used in Korea d

Korean Folk Arts

04

Bride’s post-wedding journey to the groom’s home

Bride’s journey from her maiden home to the groom’s home, where she will spend the rest of her life, after marriage. The time of a bride’s departure for the groom’s home after marriage varies greatly. Some newly married women spent a year at home before going to live with her in-laws for the rest of her life (which is called muk-sinhaeng or haemugi), while others spend a month (dalmugi) or three days (samil-sinhaeng). When the bride moves to the groom’s home the same day as the wedding it is cal

Korean Rites of Passage

05

Rice with Leftovers

Goldongban (Kor. 골동반, Chin. 骨董飯) is a dish made with leftovers, eaten on Seotdal Geumeum (Kor. 섣달그믐, Lunar New Year’s Eve). The idea is that families must get rid of all their leftovers before the year draws to an end. Mixing various ingredients with rice results in a dish similar to bibimbap (Kor. 비빔밥), which is consumed on the last day of the lunar year. Goldongban is described in the “Gudong Shisanshuo” (Kor. 골동십삼설, Chin. 骨董十三說), a book written by a Ming-Chinese author by the name of Dong Qic

Korean Seasonal Customs

06

Sangmo

A kind of a hat with feathers or paper streamers attached to the top which is worn when dancing and moving the head around (Kor. 머리춤, Chin. 首舞, lit. head dance) during a nongak performance. Sangmo specifically refers to a thin red feather in the form of a spike or tassel that is attached to military hats called jeollip, helmets, flags, or spears and is also transcribed as sakmo (Kor. 삭모, Chin. 槊毛, lit. spear hat). Hats worn by nongak performers are generally classified as gokkal (peaked hat) and

Korean Folk Arts

07

Torch Fight

Hwaetbul ssaum (Kor. 횃불싸움, lit. torch fight) is a combat-like event in which neighboring villages fight using torches as the main weapon. The activity takes place during the Great Full Moon Festival in the evening of the fourteenth or the fifteenth of the first lunar month. It is performed along with festival customs such as jwibul nori (Kor. 쥐불놀이, lit. mouse fire game), dalmaji (Kor. 달맞이, lit. welcoming the moon) and daljip taeugi (Kor. 달집태우기, lit. burning the moon house). The custom of torch f

Korean Seasonal Customs